San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission

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The San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission was the 2nd mission, and was founded on June 3, 1770.

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Location

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The San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission is located in the southern end of Carmel, California on Junipero Avenue.

 

The Mission

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San Carlos Mission
San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission
(Source: Library of Congress)

The San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission was founded by Father Serra on June 3, 1770. It was initially founded as San Carlos de Monterey. The presidio and chapel were built at the site of today's Royal Presidio Chapel in Monterey. Within 6 months, Father Serra decided to move the church away from the presidio because the soldiers were unfriendly to the Indians.

Father Serra dedicated a new site near the Carmel River. The first building were made of mud with a thatched roof. In 1771, construction was started on a stone church. The new church was not completed until 1797. The rest of the quadrangle was completed in 1815. This drawing shows the original San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo mission.

After secularization the mission was abandoned. The buildings deteriorated and the roof eventually collapsed in 1851. The mission was restored in 1934.

 

Books about the Missions of California

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Links to other sites on the Missions of California

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For a daily history lesson see AccentHistory.net http://www.accenthistory.net
California Missions Resource Center http://www.missionscalifornia.com/
California Missions Virtual Tour http://www.californiamissions.com/
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