The "Intolerable Acts"

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The British reacted to the Boston Tea Party with what the colonies called the "Intolerable Acts."

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The Acts

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The British parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party by passing four laws. The colonies called these laws the "Intolerable Acts."

The British closed the Boston Harbor pending the people of Boston paying for the lost tea, and paying the required tax. They also eliminated the Massachusetts elected government council. They replaced it with council members appointed by the King. They gave the governor new powers, such as the ability to control public meetings. They also changed the Justice Act so that people charged with violent crimes would be tried in England. They expanded the Quartering Act requiring British troops to be housed in private homes. Lastly, to prevent the colonies from growing bigger and stronger, they passed the Quebec Act which extended the Canadian border southward to the Ohio River eliminating the colonies claim to the land.

 

The Unintended Result

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These acts were intended to make an example of the people of Massachusetts for their disobedience. The acts were to discourage other colonies from opposing British rule. Instead, they had the opposite affect. The Intolerable Acts united the colonies against Britain. Patriot leaders began to call for a meeting, or a colonial congress, to discuss the issues. Each of the colonies began to elect members to attend the congress.

 

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