Matter : Objects that
take up space and have mass are called matter. Everything around you is made up
of matter. Ice cream is made up of matter. You are made of matter. Your puppy or
kitten, a glass of milk or a balloon filled with air is called as Matter.
Everything you can see or touch, smell or taste, is made up of
matter. Mass is the amount of matter in an object, and is often measured in
grams. Mass is related to how much something weighs. Mass and weight are two
different things. The unit for mass is a gram. You can usually think of the mass
of a thing as its weight. The more mass it has, the more it will weigh.
Physical Properties :- Certain features of an
object, which can be perceived with our sense organs, are called physical
properties .You can feel matter, see matter, taste matter, hear matter, and
Mass, color, shape, volume, and density are some of the physical properties of matter. Density is
the mass of a substance per unit volume. Volume is the amount of space that an
object occupies. Volume is measured in gallons, liters, or milliliters.
What matter looks like?
A table is a hard solid substance, occupying space and having
Observe the color of the glass tumbler and the soft drink
with the ice cubes in it.
Observe the different sizes of the kangaroos in the
What matter feels like?
|A hot cup of milk
||A sharp knife
||A soft pair of shoes
We cannot see air but we can see how the air moves the
balloons in the sky.
We feel the snow is cold and wet. Temperature and wetness are
both physical properties of matter.
What Matter smells like?
A sweet smelling rose.
Other properties of matter :
A magnetic property which attracts iron.
Measurement of matter : Matter has weight and volume. The amount of space matter takes up is called the
volume. Different devices like a measuring cup, measuring jar, graduate and
pipette can be used to measure volumes.
All matter has mass. The amount of matter in an object is
called as mass. In order to find out how much mass an object has, you have to
use a pan balance.
Fruits and vegetables are measured using a scale. Even air
has mass when you fill air into a balloon, you add to its mass. The balloon
filled with air has more mass than the empty balloon. This shows that air has
mass. You can even feel the mass of air rushing out of the balloon. You can’t
see air, but it has mass. We use a teaspoon to measure salt, sugar or even a
medicine. An electronic scale is used in the post office to measure the mass of