Idaho State Geography

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So you want to know about Idaho? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about Idaho.

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Key Facts

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Idaho State Facts

Population (1994): 1,163,261 (41st in size)

State size: 85,564 square miles (13th in size)

State Capital: Boise (named by French Canadians, from the French word "Les Bois" meaning "trees").

Major cities: Boise, Idaho Falls and Pocatello

Admission to union: The 43rd State

Date entered the union: July 3, 1890

Origin of state name: Unknown Indian origin

Nicknames: The Gem State

Bordering states: Montana, Wyoming, Washington, Oregon, Nevada and Utah, with Canada to the North.

State bird: Mountain Bluebird

State flower: Syringa

State tree: Western White Pine

Motto: It is Forever


Geographic Landmarks

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Geographic landmarks include Hells Canyon, which is the deepest gorge in the U.S., the Shoshone Falls, Mount Borah, the Salmon River Mountains and the Moon National Monument.  


Points of Interest

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Major Industries

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Major industries include mining silver, lead, zinc, tungsten and gold, and agriculture including cattle, sheep, potatoes, wheat, sugar beets and other vegetables. Forestry and logging also play an important role in the economy.  


Historical Highlights

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Native Americans lived in the area for thousands of years before the British-American Treaty gave the land to the U.S. in 1846.  


Population and Culture

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Interesting Tidbits

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Links to other sites about Idaho

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Idaho State Flag

Idaho State Flag


Idaho State Government home page

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