Compiled and annotated by David Klevan, Museum Educator

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

100 Raoul Wallenberg Place SW

Washington, DC 20024-2126

Email: dklevan@ushmm.gov



1. Museums and Memorials

2. Major Web sites on the Holocaust

3. Jews and Judaism: Culture, Religion, and Current Events

4. Germany: History, Culture, and Current Events

5. Educational Resources and Programs: Teacher Training, Resources,

Cooperative Learning and Discussion Lists (Listservs)

6. Countering Hate, Antisemitism, and Holocaust Denial


Note: This document is neither a comprehensive nor a qualitative listing of Holocaust-related sites on the World Wide Web. It is a compilation of Holocaust-related sites that teachers and students may find useful in their classes. I have tried to examine these sites for accuracy and comprehensiveness of their data, but I am not an historian nor have I had time to thoroughly examine them all. They vary in quality and quantity of information. The Internet allows any person with the proper resources and wherewithal to present his or herself as an instant "expert." Therefore, it is essential that all teachers and students be discriminating and thoughtful when utilizing WWW resources. Always check to see if data is footnoted and if respected institutions, scholars, or sources are cited for information on any server.

Also, keep in mind that the Web is constantly changing; homepages appear and disappear every day. Therefore, you may find excellent Holocaust-related sites that are not listed here, and some of the sites listed here may no longer be functioning in the future. Also, remember that the Internet gives a powerful voice to all segments of the population, including racists and neo-Nazis. Often, there are few or no opposing viewpoints to counter them. For example, when I compiled the first draft of this list, there was no official homepage for the Watchtower Society. At the time, I found only one informal Jehovah’s Witness information page. However, there were several homepages dedicated to anti-Jehovah’s Witness sentiment. The individual teacher will have to decide how much guidance he or she will provide for students using this powerful new medium.


Last Updated: January 7, 1999.

1. Museums and Memorials


United States Holocaust Memorial Museum


Located in Washington, DC, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is America’s national institution for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust history and serves as this country’s memorial to the millions of people murdered during the Holocaust. This site includes:


Simon Wiesenthal Center


Headquartered in Los Angeles, the Simon Wiesenthal Center is an international center for Holocaust remembrance, and the defense of human rights and the Jewish people. This site includes:


Note: There are numerous local Holocaust memorials, museums, and resource centers around the United States that have created their own web sites. You can use a search engine to find them. Some of them are: C.A.N.D.L.E.S. Holocaust Museum, Metropolitan Detroit Holocaust Memorial Center, Holocaust Museum Houston, El Paso Holocaust Museum and Study Center, Virginia Holocaust Museum, The Holocaust Memorial (Miami), Tampa Bay Holocaust Memorial Museum and Educational Center, Desert Holocaust Memorial (Palm Springs), Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc. / Holocaust Teacher Resource Center, The Hopesite Homepage of the Centre for Holocaust Education, Holocaust Studies Center: Bronx School of Science, Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre, and Holocaust Human Rights Center of Maine.



Yad Vashem: The Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority


Located in Jerusalem, Yad Vashem is Israel’s national museum and memorial dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust. This site includes:


The Ghetto Fighters’ House: Museum of the Holocaust and Resistance


Located on Kibbutz Lochamei Haghetaot in the northern Galilee region of Israel, the Ghetto Fighters’ House is dedicated to telling the story of the Holocaust and the endurance of the Jewish people. This site includes:



Memorial Museums for the Victims of National Socialism in Germany


This web site, created and maintained by the Topography of Terror museum and memorial in Berlin, provides an overview and directory of memorials and museums to the victims of National Socialism in Germany. This site includes:

Anne Frank House


The official web site of the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, Netherlands includes information about:

The Mechelen Museum of Deportation and Resistance


Belgium’s Holocaust Museum, located in the barracks of a former deportation center in Malines. It is a museum about the deportation of Belgian Jews as well as the anti-Nazi resistance. This site includes:

Musee Memorial des Enfants d’Izieu (Memorial Museum of the Children of Izieu)


The Memorial Museum of the Children of Izieu keeps alive the memory of the children of Izieu, France who fell victim to the Nazi Holocaust. The site includes:

2. Major Web sites on the Holocaust


David Dickerson’s Homepage


David Dickerson maintains this personal homepage as part of his collaboration with the folks at I*EARN. It includes:

Holocaust and Jewish Studies


Dr. Dan Graf, a history professor at Virginia Wesleyan College, created this list of Holocaust-related links. It is not annotated, but it is fairly extensive and easy-to-use.

Remembering the Holocaust


This is a personal web site created by Andrew Rajchera, a descendant of Polish Holocaust survivors in Australia. Rajchera created this page as memorial to those who perished and to honor those who survived. It includes:

Dr. Al Filreis’s Literature of the Holocaust


Dr. Filreis, an English teacher at the University of Pennsylvania, created this site as a reference list for students in his Literature of the Holocaust class. It includes:


Cybrary of the Holocaust


The Cybrary of the Holocaust is continuously adding information to its web site, and is one of the largest Holocaust-related web sites geared toward educators and students. This site includes:

Ben Austin’s Holocaust/Shoah


Ben Austin, a sociology professor at Middle Tennessee State University, constructed this web site to support his class, "The Sociology of Genocide and the Holocaust." It includes:



This Spanish language web site was created by Alberto A. Pink·s and is hosted by the Glue Network at the University of Maryland. It includes:

An Auschwitz Alphabet


Jonathan Blumen’s personal web site is dedicated to Primo Levi, chemist, writer and survivor of Auschwitz. While Blumen does not try to be as comprehensive as the Cybrary or Nizkor, his site gives a general overview of the Holocaust through excerpts from memoirs and scholarly writings, primarily Levi’s. The site also includes a rationale and philosophy written by the author who explains his personal and theological interpretations of the Holocaust, including his belief that "there is no god." Includes links to other Holocaust-related sites.

The History Place: World War Two in Europe


The History Place – http://www.historyplace.com/ -- is a commercial organization whose web site is "dedicated to students, educators, and all who enjoy history!" The World War Two in Europe section includes:


Remembering the Holocaust


This article from the magazine, Ohio Online, tells the story of a German refugee turned American army liberator, and includes links to his photo exhibition, In the Camps, at the Goethe Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio --www.goethe.de/trans/.

Mauthausen Concentration Camp Memorial


The official Mauthausen Concentration Camp Memorial web site of the Austrian Ministry of the Interior. This site includes:

KZ Mauthausen-Gusen


Sponsored by ORF, the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation, this site on the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp includes:

Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site


Still under construction, the official web site of the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial presently includes:

Gedenkstatte Buchenwald

The official site of the Buchenwald Concentration Camp Memorial (Gedenkstatte) includes:

The Forgotten Camps


This site was developed by Vincent Chatel (the son of a survivor) and Chuck Ferrela (a liberator) to provide histories of several small Nazi concentration camps, labor camps, and transit camps. It includes:

Gunskirchen, Austria – May 4, 1945


This site was personally mounted by John Mooney. It includes:

Twelfth Armored Division and the Liberation of Death Camps


Created by students in the History Department of Abilene Christian University, this site includes:

Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp


A subsection of the official homepage of the 104th Infantry Division National Timberwolf Association, this web site is portrays the history of the 104th Infantry Divisions liberation of Mittelbau-Dora. For more information about the 104th, visit the URL <Members.aol.com/InfDiv104>. This site includes:

L’Chaim: A Holocaust Web Project


Developed and maintained by Robert J. Bennett, a graduate student at the University of Baltimore, this site highlights:


The Netherlands in World War II: A Bibliography


This site, hosted at the University of Southern California server, highlights two lectures presented by Anthony Anderson at USC on October 17, 1995 and October 24, 1995 respectively. The site also includes a bibliography. The lecture titles are:

Ghetto Bochnia 1941-1943


A personal site created by I. Zelinkovsky. This site is the product of Zelinkovsky’s personal research into his family’s history during the Holocaust in the Bochnia ghetto. It includes:


The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School: 20th Century Documents


The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School, directed by William C. Fray and Lisa A. Spar, contains digital documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. The 20th century section of the site includes:

History of Germany: Primary Documents


Richard Hacken, the European Studies Bibliographer in the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University, maintains this site. It contains an extensive list of links to various websites containing on-line documents related to German history. There are links to several documents on Nazism and the Holocaust including:

German Propaganda Archive: Nazi and East German Propaganda


Hosted through the Department of Communication Arts and Sciences of Calvin College in Grand Rapids, MI, this site highlights:

Electric Zen: The Einsatzgruppen


This personal page was created by Ken Lewis. It includes:

Court TV Casefiles on the Nuremberg Trials


Court TV hosts this web site on the Nuremberg Trials. Although visitors will notice many typos and misspellings, the site includes quite a bit of information:

Holocaust Pictures Exhibition


FranÁois Schmitz created this photo gallery to provide easier access to Holocaust photographs that were originally displayed on the Nysernet Holocaust gopher by Daniel Keren. This site includes:

  • Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation


    Founded by Steven Spielberg in 1994, Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to videotaping and archiving interviews of Holocaust survivors all over the world. The Foundation is compiling the most comprehensive library of survivor testimony ever assembled. This site presently contains general information.

    Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies


    A collection of over 3,700 videotaped interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust, the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies is part of Manuscripts and Archives, at Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University. Their web site includes:

    Holocaust Survivor Oral History Project


    Dr. Sid Bolkosky, Professor of History at the University of Michigan -Dearborn, has interviewed over 150 survivors of the Holocaust. Recordings and transcriptions of his interviews are becoming available at the Mardigian Library of the University of Michigan--Dearborn through Interlibrary Loan. This web site highlights:

    Anne Frank Online


    The Anne Frank Center USA was founded in 1977 to educate people about the causes, instruments and dangers of discrimination and violence through the story of Anne Frank. This site includes:

    An Interview with Primo Levi


    This personal site was created by an Israeli-born composer living in New York. It includes the transcript of an Italian television crew’s interview with Primo Levi during his visit to Auschwitz in 1982, 40 years after his imprisonment there. Includes images of book covers, portraits, and photographs. This site offers unique and personal recollections; it is especially worth a visit for fans of Levi’s writings.

    Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of Their Own


    A collection of materials compiled by Judy Cohen. This web site includes:

    When Heaven’s Vault Cracked: Zagreb Memories


    Dani Novak has placed his mother Zdenka’s memoir on-line. This personal web site provides the complete memoir of a Yugoslavian Jew during the Holocaust.

    The Impact of the Holocaust on Survivors and Their Children


    An essay written by Sandra S. Williams in the Judaic Studies Program at the University of Central Florida. Also available on-line from Williams is a paper entitled The Origins of Christian Anti-semitism at http://ddi.digital.net/~billw/ANTI/anti-semitism.html. Both essays include footnotes and bibliographies.


    Five Million Forgotten


    Five Million Forgotten is a project of the Holocaust Forgotten Memorial in Encino, CA. Terese Pencak Schwartz, a child of Christian Polish survivors, wrote the primary text of the site. Her primary sources of information were The Forgotten Holocaust by Richard C. Lukas and The Jews and the Poles in World War II by Stefan Korbonski. This site includes:

    Roma Homepage


    This personal site is maintained by Peter Stuart of Hawaii. It includes information about Romani history, language, culture, persecution, and more.

    Watchtower: Official Web site of Jehovah’s Witnesses


    A publication of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, this site includes information about:

    The Pink Triangle Pages: The history of Nazi persecution of gay men and lesbians

  • http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs/user/scotts/bulgarians/pink.html
  • Maintained on the Carnegie Mellon University server by Scott Safier, this personal page provides a good, footnoted history of gays during the Holocaust. The background color of the screen is hot pink which can make the site difficult to read. Includes:


    To Save a Life -- Stories of Jewish Rescue


    Written and maintained by Ellen Land-Weber, this site contains excerpts from an unpublished book about the rescue of Jews during the Holocaust. Ellen Land-Weber teaches photography and digital imaging in the Art Department of Humboldt State University in Arcata, CA. The inspiration for her book is the study of altruism by Humboldt State University Professors Samuel and Pearl Oliner. This site features:

    Labor and the Holocaust: The Jewish Labor Committee and the Anti-Nazi Struggle


    Hosted by New York University, this web site highlights material both graphic and textual in the Jewish Labor Committee collection at NYU’s Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. Photographs and documents are integrated into chapters of text. The site includes information on:

    The White Rose


    This personal site on the German resistance group, the White Rose, includes:

    Raoul Wallenberg


    The Raoul Wallenberg homepage was written and designed by David J Metzler. The primary history sources for Mr. Metzler’s research were Swedish Portraits - Raoul Wallenberg by Jan Larsson and published by the Swedish Institute 1996, and With Raoul Wallenberg In Budapest by Per Anger and published by the United States Holocaust Museum 1996. This site includes:

    Oswego: The Safe Haven


    Based out of Oswego, NY, Safe Haven Inc. is a non-profit volunteer organization dedicated to telling the story of the American shelter for refugees fleeing the Nazis -- the Fort Ontario Emergency Refugee Shelter. This site was developed with the assistance of the Syracuse Newspapers and New World Media. In addition, Safe Haven Inc. has developed a curriculum to be used in high schools and colleges. Their site includes:

    Archive of Materials on Bulgarian Jewry During WWII


    Plamen Bliznakov, a 1996 PhD graduate of the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Arizona State University, maintains this personal site. It includes:

    Rescuers During the Holocaust: Bibliography/Videography

    Books -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/rescuers.html

    Articles -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/re-articles.html

    Videos -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/re-videos.html

    Maintained by Mary A. Mark, M.Sc., a research programmar at Carnegie Mellon University, these sites include:

    3. Educational Resources and Programs: Teacher Training, Resources, Cooperative Learning and Discussion Lists (Listservs)

    Southern Institute for Education and Research at Tulane University


    Located on the Tulane University campus and governed by an independent, volunteer board of directors, the Southern Institute for Education and Research is a non-profit race and ethnic relations center dedicated to promoting tolerance through education and training. Their web site highlights antibias education training resources for combating prejudice that includes:



    H-HOLOCAUST is a member of the H-NET Humanities & Social Sciences On-Line initiative sponsored by Michigan State University. H-HOLOCAUST exists so scholars of the Holocaust can communicate with each other using internet technology, and makes available diverse bibliographical, research and teaching aids. This web site corresponds to an electronic discussion list of the same name serving scholors of the Holocaust. Three other discussion lists maintained under H-Net are H-ANTIS (History of Antisemitism), H-JUDAIC (Jewish Studies), and H-GERMAN (German History). Their corresponding homepages are found at http://h-net.msu.edu/~antis/, http://h-net2.msu.edu/~judaic/, and http://h-net.msu.edu/~german/. The H-HOLOCAUST Homepage includes:

    I*EARN: Holocaust and Genocide Project


    I*EARN is a non-profit service that facilitates international cooperative distance learning for secondary school students using the Web and other media. I*EARN includes a project specifically on the Holocaust and genocide. The Holocaust and Genocide Project (HGP) involves schools (Grades 7-12) living in countries including the United States, Israel, Australia, Poland, Germany, Argentina, Romania, Russia, and Cambodia. The HGP web site includes:

    Facing History and Ourselves


    Facing History and Ourselves is a national educational and professional development organization whose mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry. This site includes:

    Social Studies School Service Catalogue of Holocaust Resources & Materials


    Social Studies School Service searches out, evaluates and sells educational materials through over 30 different catalogues. This web site highlights books, videos, posters, and other materials that are available in their Holocaust resources & materials catalogue. It includes:

    A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust


    This site was produced and maintained by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology located in the College of Education at the University of South Florida in Tampa. It includes:

    The Holocaust: A Guide to Pennsylvania Teachers


    Written by Gary Grobman for the state of Pennsylvania, this curriculum is available on-line through the Virtual Jerusalem web site <http://www.virtualjerusalem.com/>. The curriculum includes sections on:

    2. Jews and Judaism: Culture, Religion, and Current Events

    Shamash: The Jewish Internet Consortium


    Shamash is a worldwide consortium of Jewish organizations and enterprises which collaborate to provide an open Jewish network on the Internet. Their site contains a massive annotated hotlist of web sites about Judaism and Jewish resources. The Holocaust section of this site [http://shamash.org/holocaust/] includes:

    Jewishnet: Global Jewish Information Network


    Established by Dov Winer, Jewishnet is a massive collection of Jewish-related links categorized under various topic headings. Aside from links relating to the Holocaust and antisemitism, this site provides a jumping off point to information including:

    The Virtual Shtetl: Yiddish Language and Culture


    Heralded as a "virtual community," by its creator -- Iosif Vaisman, Director of Computational Resource for

    Molecular Sciences and Biotechnology and Research Assistant Professor in the School of Pharmacy at the

    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill -- Shtetl includes:

    Virtual Jerusalem: The Jewish World From the Heart of Israel



    Virtual Jerusalem touts itself as the largest Jewish web site on the internet; it has amassed links to hundreds of sites of interest to Jews and non-Jews throughout the world, including a significant amount of information on the Holocaust at http://www.virtual.co.il/education/education/holocaust/. This section includes the Pennsylvania State Curriculum on the Holocaust. Virtual Jerusalem also includes a link to the Maven: The Virtual Know-It-All site at http://www.maven.co.il/. Maven is a specialized search mechanism for finding Jewish-related sites on the web.

    Beyond the Pale: The History of Jews in Russia


    Conceived, researched, and written by Joke Kniesmeyer and Daniel Cil Becher, Beyond the Pale is an on-line version of their original exhibit that has toured Russia since 1995. The exhibit portrays the history of Jews in Europe and in Russia to help understand their life, religion and culture, as well as depicting the history of anti-Jewish attitudes and anti-Semitism today. In the words of the exhibit designers, "the exhibition wants to warn of the great dangers of prejudice and intolerance, particularly in times of political uncertainty and increased social tension." Includes text, historical photos, and artifact photos illustrating:

    5. Germany: History, Culture, and Current Events

    Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin (German Historical Museum, Berlin)


    Located in Berlin, the German Historical Museum web site includes a searchable database of its collections (in German), an extensive list of links to other museums (particularly those in Germany including concentration camp memorials), and several on-line exhibitions and presentations, including:

    H-GERMAN (See also H-HOLOCAUST in the Educational Resources and Programs section)


    H-GERMAN is one of the H-Net family of humanities networks sponsored by the Michigan State University. It is a daily Internet discussion forum focused on scholarly topics in German history. H-GERMAN solicits submissions in both German and English, and it is designed primarily for spreading information to professional historians, and membership is therefore restricted to active scholars (professors, lecturers, librarians, archivists, graduate students seeking a master's or doctorate, etc.). The web site includes:

    German Resources


    Maintained by Sarah J. Zupko, M.A., Journalism, The University of Texas at Austin, the German Resources page features information about Germany with an emphasis on culture and media. This site is basically a list of links to other web sites on Germany. It includes links to information about cultural icons such as Goethe, Kandinsky, and Wagner, and media resources such as Der Spiegel, Stern, and Die Welt.



    This site offers:

    6. Countering Hate, Antisemitism, and Holocaust Denial

    The Nizkor Project


    Under the direction of Ken McVay, the volunteers who contribute to the Nizkor Project monitor and refute the distortions and lies that Holocaust deniers present as truth. This is an enormous project that draws material from a variety of sources, including numerous primary sources. As such, Nizkor is not a single collection of Web pages, but a collage of projects that includes:

    Anti-Defamation League On-Line


    The Anti-Defamation League, founded in 1913, is "the world's leading organization fighting antisemitism through programs and services that counteract hatred, prejudice and bigotry." Its mission is "to stop the defamation of the Jewish people and to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike." Aside from regular press releases and other information, the ADL web site includes:

    Documentary Resources on the Nazi Genocide and its Denial


    This site, dedicated to combating Holocaust denial, is the personal project of Michael Fingerhut and an army of volunteers. Most of the site is in French; however, several of the essays, poems and bibliographic entries are also available in English. The site includes:

    Skeptic Magazine


    The Skeptics Society is a non-profit, scientific and educational organization of scholars, scientists, historians, magicians, professors and teachers, and anyone curious about controversial ideas, extraordinary claims, revolutionary ideas and the promotion of science. Its publication, Skeptic Magazine, serves as a platform from which the Society debunks numerous bizarre theories including those of Holocaust deniers. The Skeptic site contains several articles on the topic of Holocaust denial including:

    H-ANTISEMITISM (See also H-HOLOCAUST in the Educational Resources and Programs section)


    H-Antisemitism is a member of the H-NET Humanities & Social Sciences OnLine initiative. It encourages scholarly discussion of antisemitic history and makes available diverse bibliographical, research and teaching aids. The site includes:

    SICSA: The Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism http://www2.huji.ac.il/www_jcd/top.html

    This site is connected to a bibliography entitled Demonization of the Jew and the Jew as "Other": A Selected Bibliography [http://www3.huji.ac.il/www_jcd/dem.html]. The bibliography was prepared for the International Conference, The "Other" as Threat: Demonization and Antisemitism, convened by The Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of the Holocaust at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It includes:



    HateWatch was originally a Harvard University library project called "A Guide to Hate Groups on the Internet". Soon the scope of this guide grew from a library web page into an activist orientated organization. HateWatch is presently a private organization and has no affiliation with Harvard University. Its director is David Goldman. HateWatch monitors the on-line activity of organized hate groups.



    Facebook and Twitter

    Copyright © 1998-2010 Kidport