Spain Geography

So you want to know about Spain? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about Spain.

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Key Facts

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Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula, and is cut off from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenee Mountains.

Population: 38 million

Geographic size: 208,000 square miles

Capital: Madrid

Major cities and population: Madrid, Barcelona


Geographic Landmarks

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Much of central Spain a plateau surrounded by mountain ranges. There are some low-lands along the coast.

For much of this century, most Spanish people lived in small villages and towns. Today, tourism and industry are bringing people to the larger cities and coastal areas.


Points of Interest

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The area has many beautiful palaces and cathedrals, some dating back hundreds of years.


Major Industries

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Large fishing fleets are based on the coast.

Iron mining is another major industry. The iron is used to make steel and other manufactured products

Spain is one of the world's largest exporter of citrus fruits including oranges, mandarins and lemons.

Grapes are also grown for producing wine.


Historical Highlights

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The Moors from Africa rule much of the Iberia Peninsula in the 8th century.

Spanish explorers played a major role in discovering the world, and establishing Spanish colonies around the world.

Many palaces and cathedrals still exist from several centuries ago.


Population and Culture

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People of Spain include a variety of cultures including Portuguese, Spanish, Galicians, Catalans and the Basques.

Fairs, fiestas, and religious celebrations still play a major part in Spanish lives. People dress in costume and parade through the town.

Bull fighting is an ancient tradition that still continues today.



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On the plateau, the summers are very hot and dry, while the winters can reach freezing temperatures.


Books on Spain

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Links to other sites about Spain

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