So you want to know about Russia? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about Russia.
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|Russia is the world's
Population: 149 million
Geographic size: 6.6 million square miles
Major cities and population: Moscow, Saint Petersburg
|As the world's largest
country, Russian has a very diverse geography.
Northern Russian extends into the Arctic Circle. This area is primarily tundra and forests, with thousands of lakes.
Russia has many mountain areas. The Ural mountains cover 2,500 miles of eastern Russia. The Caucasus mountains cross the southern part of Russia, from the Black Sea to the Caspia Sea.
From the western boarder to the Ural mountains is the North European Plain. This is a large rolling plain with rich soil and grasslands.
Three quarters of the Russian population lives in the cities and towns of western Russia.
|About 25% of the population still live in rural areas.|
|Russian has a rich history. Many of its buildings, such as this church in Moscow,|
|Russia has a
wealth of natural resources including oil, natural gas,
minerals and timber. Moscow is the center for many
manufacturing industries including cars, steel and other
The southwest has rich farm land. Crops include wheat, barley, oats, potatoes and sunflowers. Some areas include cattle farming. Russia also has a large ocean fishing fleet. Many of these ships have full capabilities to clean, freeze and process the catch.
|From the 1500s, Russia was under control of Tsars. In 1917, communist revolutionaries overthrew the Tsar to establish the Soviet Union. Russia was the largest republic in the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union went through considerable political turmoil, and in 1991 abandoned communism for a capitalist style of government. Old state industries were replaced by private enterprise.|
|The majority of Russians
live in the area between St. Petersburg and Moscow.
Southeast Russia is also heavily populated.
Russia has a broad mix of ethnic groups.
|Russia's large geographical territory gives it a very diverse climate. Its northern coastline borders on the Arctic Ocean, which gives it severe winters. In the south, Russia has hot desert areas.|