England Geography

So you want to know about England? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about England.

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Key Facts

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England is part of the United Kingdom, along with Scotland and Wales.

Population: 58 million people

Geographic size: 93,000 square miles

Capital: London

Major cities and population: London, Liverpool, Birmingham, Manchester and Nottingham.

 

Geographic Landmarks

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England is an island off the west coast of the European mainland. England has a rich history going back hundreds of years. England still maintains a monarchy, with the Queen of England.

You can still see traditional England in much of London, and other cities.

Much of England is rolling hills with occasional small fields or flatland.

 

Points of Interest

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England has many areas of historical interest. The Queen and the Royal Family are a well known international symbol of England. The Buckingham Palace and the changing of the guards are two popular tourist attractions.
Other attractions include the London Bridge, Big Ben and the Saint Pauls Cathedral.
The Tower Bridge is another popular landmark.

 

Major Industries

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England's traditional industries include iron and steel production, coal mining and textiles. Other industries include automobile manufacturing, electronic products and chemicals. The lowlands support some farming such as wheat, potatoes and vegetables. Dairy and sheep farming are common in the hilly pastures.

 

Historical Highlights

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Britain was one of the first major world powers. British explorers discovered and colonized many parts of the world, including parts of North America. Britain was also one of the first industrial centers.

 

Population and Culture

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About 85% of the people in England live in cities or towns.
The "brownstone" is a very common form of housing in England.
Double decker buses are common site in London. Many North Americans have trouble driving in England because the steering wheel is on the left hand side of the car, and you drive on the left hand side of the road.

 

Climate

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England has a moderate climate with temperatures typically ranging from about freezing to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. England also gets considerable rain.

 

Books on England

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Links to other sites about England

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