After the Gold Rush

After the gold rush many mining towns became ghost towns, deserted by miners heading for Nevada. But, by this time California had established a growing economy of farming and industry.

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Before the Gold Rush

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Before the gold rush, California was largely populated by missionaries and Native Americans. The total population of California was about 2000 non-natives. By late 1849 there were about 15,000 people, and in 1850 about 20,000 people. By 1853 there were over 300,000 people living in Californina.

Picture of San Francisco before the gold rush

(Source: Library of Congress).


California after the Gold Rush

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The gold rush brought economic prosperity to California. Farms, ranches, stores, restaurants and other businesses that grew to serve the miners continued to take advantage of California's rich agriculture and thriving industry and commerce.

Picture of Montgomery Street in San Francisco

(Source: Library of Congress).



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