The Battle of Saratoga in September of 1777 was a major victory for the American forces and a turning point of the war.
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Battles leading to Saratoga
wanted to take control of the Hudson River Valley to cut
off New England from the other colonies. General Burgoyne
with 7,700 troops approached Albany, New York, from
Canada. On his way, Burgoyne defeated American forces at
Fort Ticonderoga. Another group of troops, led by
Lieutenant Colonel St. Leger, were to join him from
Canada. General Howe also was to join him from New York.
Together they were to attack the American troops.
Unfortunately for Burgoyne, St. Leger's troops ran into Benedict Arnold and his American militia. St. Leger and his troops were forced to retreat back to Canada. Even worse, General Howe's forces were fighting with Washington at the Battle of Brandywine and then the Battle of Germantown. This kept him from joining Burgoyne.
|General Burgoyne attacked
for the third time at the Battle of Saratoga. This time
Burgoyne and his forces were defeated. General Burgoyne
was forced to surrender.
This was a major victory for the American forces and a key turning point in the war.
Surrender of General Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga (Source: Library of Congress)
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