Texas State Geography

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Key Facts

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Population (1994): 18,418,000 (2nd in size)

State size: 266,807 square miles (2nd in size)

State Capital: Austin (named after Stephen F. Austin, a leader in the Texas struggle for independence from Mexico)

Major cities: Auston, Dallas, El Paso, Fort Worth, Houston and San Antonio

Admission to union: The 28th State

Date entered the union: December 29, 1845

Origin of state name: Named from the indian word "tejas" meaning "friends".

Nicknames: The Lone Star State

Bordering states: New Mexico, Oklahoma and Louisiana, with Mexico on the southwest and the Gulf of Mexico on the southeast.

State bird: Mockingbird

State flower: Bluebonnet

State tree: Pecan

Motto: Friendship


Geographic Landmarks

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  The Alamo is a symbol of Texas' struggle for independence from Mexico.


Points of Interest

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  The Houston Space Center is a popular place for those interested in space and space exploration.


Major Industries

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  First settled by the Spanish in 1682, then the French in 1685. Initially part of Mexico until settlers rebelled and established the State of Texas.


Historical Highlights

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Population and Culture

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Interesting Tidbits

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Links to other sites about Texas

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Texas State Flag


Texas State Government home page

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