New York State Geography

So you want to know about New York? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about New York.

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Key Facts

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Population (1994): 18,169,000 (3rd in size)

State size: 49,108 square miles (30th in size)

State Capital: Albany (named for King James II of England, who at the time was Duke of York and Albany).

Major cities: Albany, Buffalo, New York City, Rochester, Syracuse and Yonkers

Admission to union: The 11th State

Date entered the union: July 26, 1788

Origin of state name: Named for James, Duke of York and Albany, who received the land from his brother King Charles II of England.

Nicknames: The Empire State

Bordering states: Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Pennsylvania, with Canada to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

State bird: Bluebird

State flower: Rose

State tree: Sugar Maple

Motto: Ever Upward


Geographic Landmarks

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New York City is a major focal point for arts and culture in the United States.

Niagara Falls are one of the most spectacular falls in the world.


Points of Interest

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Points of interest include the Statue of Liberty and Broadway.
Broadway in New York City is the premiere area for the theatre and plays.


Major Industries

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  New York is a major manufacturing state electrical products, printing, clothing and wine making. New York City is a major financial center. Agriculture includes dairy and poultry. Tourism is also part of the economy.


Historical Highlights

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  New York was originally inhabited by the Five Indian Nations of the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas and Senecas. Early Dutch settlers founded New Amsterdam in 1625, which was later renamed by the British to New York City.


Population and Culture

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  New York City is a major cultural center in the United States.



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Interesting Tidbits

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Links to other sites about New York

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New York State Flag


New York State Government home page

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