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Although the Pacific War ended, this was not the end of World War II.

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Conflict Continues: Tokyo Trials

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Biological Warfare
Unit 731 was well-known for its biological
warfare which often included painful
experiments on prisoners—human guinea pigs.

After the war was over, fighting did not stop. North and South Korea began a war over territory. The Vietnam war started up. The Chinese civil war raged on, until Mao and communism took over the country. In Japan (specifically Tokyo), from 1946 to 1948, war crime trials were held, where the Allies would try the Japanese government officials and commanders for breaking rules of war. However, the Japanese Emperor was not considered a war criminal because of Japan's intense loyalty to him. While most of the "war criminals" were given prison sentences, about 900 were executed. One of the atrocious acts brought to the attention of the world was Unit 731. Here, biological warfare was being tested by the Japanese. This included breeding anthrax and dropping it onto Chinese towns to eliminate the citizens and testing various gases on prisoners. Today, some Japanese refuse to admit that these war crimes ever happened.

Tokyo War Trials
The war trials in Tokyo made sure Japanese war
criminals were punished for their crimes.

American Mistakes

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Japanese Internment Camps
Japanese internment camps were often extremely crowded.

Although this is wrong, it is true that any war crimes the Allies committed were never brought to light or punished. One unfortunate happening in America was the internment of Japanese Americans. They faced horrible conditions and were arrested just for being Japanese, not because they had committed a crime against the country. This caused most of them to lose all their possessions and connections with their pre-war lives.

The Cold War: A Nuclear Race

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The Cold War Begins
After the Pacific War,
the Cold War caused many more
nuclear weapons to be created.

A major change brought about by the Pacific War was the development of nuclear weapons. Before the atomic bomb, warfare had been limited to aircraft and conventional bombs. These could not compare to the power of the atomic bomb. After the war ended, the U.S. and Soviet Russia continued a "Cold War" which resulted in the advancement of nuclear weapons. Today, there exists a hydrogen bomb, which is so destructive that it can only be set off by an atomic blast. All in all, World War II was an unfortunate episode in history and brought about drastic changes in the world.

Hydrogen Bomb
Unbelievably, a hydrogen bomb is much
more powerful than an atomic bomb.


Books on World War II

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  • Eagle Against the Sun: The American War With Japan by Ronald H. Spector
  • At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor by Gordon W. Prange
  • The Pacific War Encyclopedia by Albert A. Nofi
  • Fire in the Sky: The Air War in the South Pacific by Eric M. Bergerud
  • The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945 by John Toland


Links to other sites on WWII

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