Results and Implications of the Holocaust

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Causes of the Holocaust

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Hitler's Rise to Power

Hitler's Propaganda

Nazi Racial Classification

The Next Steps

The Holocaust

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After the Holocaust

The Nuremberg Trials

Genocide Awareness and the United Nations

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The Holocaust was the persecution and killing of Jews by Germany during World War II. Read on to learn more about the results and implications of the Holocaust.

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Nuremberg Trials

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Nuremberg Trials
Most officials of the Nazi regime were
convicted of at least one of the crimes
they were charged with, but three
were acquitted.

On November 20, 1945, the Nuremberg Trials began. Ironically placed in the very city where Hitler had stripped the Jews of their rights with the Nuremberg Laws, the trials were meant to judge and punish those who committed the Holocaust and war crimes in World War II. Though Hitler and several of his top conspirators had already committed suicide, many Nazi officials were judged. The Allies faced an important problem during these trials. Since genocide had not yet been classified as a crime (because it had never happened before), the men who were to judge the men already labeled as "criminals" had to make sure they were fair in their decision. The decision of this court would set an example for the rest of the similar trials that would occur in the future. Most of the men who came on trial were prosecuted and found guilty. Twelve of the twenty-four defendants sentenced to death by hanging.

Genocide Awareness and the United Nations

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The United Nations
The United Nations, first created in
San Francisco, now meets in New York, NY.
It is composed of a General Assembly
and a Security Council of fifteen,
permanently including the Big Five.

As soon as General Eisenhower (who would later become President of the US) and his troops witnessed the horrors of the first few liberated extermination camps, Eisenhower's first reaction was to call in the press and give the Holocaust immediate and extensive media coverage. This effectively informed people around the globe about the atrocities of genocide, and sparked an international movement to prevent such an event from occurring again. For this cause, and in the interests of global peace in general, the Allies created the United Nations (UN). An organization based on the former League of Nations, the UN was different from its predecessor in that it had a special group of countries called the Big Five who would each have full veto power, so that nothing like the Hoare-Laval disaster would occur again. The Big Five and ten other countries that switch regularly make up the Security Council, which gives the final word on decisions made by the UN. The primary purpose of the UN was, and still is, to give humanitarian aid to those countries that required it and to prevent another World War.

 

Books on the Holocaust

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  • The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank
  • Surviving Hitler: A Boy in the Nazi Death Camps by Andrea Warren
  • Behind the Bedroom Wall by Laura Williams
  • Smoke and Ashes: The Story of the Holocaust by Barbara Rogasky
  • Other Victims: First Person Stories of Non-Jews Persecuted by the Nazis by Ina Friedman
 
   

 

Links to other sites on the Holocaust

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http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1353270/causes_of_the_holocaust.html?cat=37  
http://www2.dsu.nodak.edu/users/dmeier/Holocaust/hitler.html  
http://fcit.usf.edu/HOLOCAUST/timeline/nazifica.htm  
http://clublet.com/why?WhatCausedTheHolocaust  
http://www.ushmm.org/education/forstudents/  
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1677.html  
 

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