1. Museums and Memorials
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Located in Washington, DC, the United States
Holocaust Memorial Museum is Americas national institution
for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust
history and serves as this countrys memorial to the
millions of people murdered during the Holocaust. This site
- General information about the memorial
museum, how to plan a visit, and how to become a member.
- Schedules and announcements of museum
programs, special events, conferences, and workshops.
- Teaching materials Guidelines for
teaching about the Holocaust, Historical summaries, and
- Directory of member organizations in the
Association of Holocaust Organizations.
- Searchable database of photographs from
the Museums Photo Archives.
- Searchable database of Archive and Library
- On-line exhibitions and transcriptions of
events and presentations at the Museum.
- A University of Virginia students
analysis of the USHMM is available at Memory Made
Manifest: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum -- http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/HOLO/holo.html.
Simon Wiesenthal Center
Headquartered in Los Angeles, the Simon
Wiesenthal Center is an international center for Holocaust
remembrance, and the defense of human rights and the Jewish
people. This site includes:
- Answers to thirty-six frequently asked
questions about the Holocaust.
- Biographies of children who experienced
- Updates on current events and excerpts
from the Centers magazine, Response.
- Information about hate groups on the Net.
- Information about the Center, the Museum
of Tolerance, and their programs.
- Much of this site is translated into
several languages including Spanish, German and Italian.
- The Simon
Wiesenthal Center also hosts the Museum of
Tolerance On-Line Multimedia Learning Center at
<http://motlc.wiesenthal.com>. Aside from a large on-line multimedia
"learning center" resource on the Holocaust,
this site provides answers to frequently asked questions
about the Holocaust, on-line exhibitions, many
specialized bibliographies, a glossary and timeline, and
an impressive collection of publications including a book
about Kristallnacht and several scholarly essays from the
Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual Volumes and other
Yad Vashem: The Holocaust Martyrs and
Heroes Remembrance Authority
Located in Jerusalem, Yad Vashem is
Israels national museum and memorial dedicated to the
victims of the Holocaust. This site includes:
- General information about the memorial and
museum, the Information and Research Centers, the School
for Holocaust Education, Resource Center for teachers,
and current issues at Yad Vashem.
- Answers to frequently asked questions
about the Holocaust
- Selected Bibliography on numerous
- Chronology (under construction)
- Documents on the Holocaust on-line
(an extensive collection of translated primary source
- Excerpts from other Yad Vashem
publications, including Legacy education journal
and Lost Jewish Worlds information on Jewish
communities in Europe
- A scholarly essay on photographic analysis
of the Holocaust titled "Ordinary Men, Extraordinary
- Selected artifacts and works of art from
the museum collections
- Three on-line exhibitions: "No
Childs Play"; "Under This Blazing
Light"; and "Visas for Life: Diplomats that
- Educational and scholarly materials are
available for purchase.
The Ghetto Fighters House: Museum
of the Holocaust and Resistance
Located on Kibbutz Lochamei Haghetaot in the
northern Galilee region of Israel, the Ghetto Fighters
House is dedicated to telling the story of the Holocaust and the
endurance of the Jewish people. This site includes:
- General information about the museum,
programs, and resources
- On-line exhibitions -- one art gallery and
one on the topic of resisitance
- Information about educational publications
available for order
- The American Friends of the Ghetto
Fighters House also maintains a web site at
-- http://www.amfriendsgfh.org/. Their site includes an on-line art gallery as
well as information about ordering educational resources.
Memorial Museums for the Victims of
National Socialism in Germany
This web site, created and maintained by the
Topography of Terror museum and memorial in Berlin, provides an
overview and directory of memorials and museums to the victims of
National Socialism in Germany. This site includes:
- General information and historical
summaries/timelines about Holocaust-related memorials and
museums in Germany.
- Lists of books and other materials about
Anne Frank House
The official web site of the Anne Frank House
in Amsterdam, Netherlands includes information about:
- Anne Frank House Museum and its
- Anne Frank and her diary.
- The Secret Annex, those who hid there, and
- Glossary and bibliography.
The Mechelen Museum of Deportation and
Belgiums Holocaust Museum, located in the
barracks of a former deportation center in Malines. It is a
museum about the deportation of Belgian Jews as well as the
anti-Nazi resistance. This site includes:
- A brief historical exhibition about Jewish
life in Belgium before the Holocaust, antisemitism and
the rise of Nazism, Belgium under German occupation,
round ups and deportations in Begium, resistance,
liberation, personal testimonies, and rescuers in
Musee Memorial des Enfants dIzieu
(Memorial Museum of the Children of Izieu)
The Memorial Museum of the Children of Izieu
keeps alive the memory of the children of Izieu, France who fell
victim to the Nazi Holocaust. The site includes:
- General information about the Museum, its
exhibitions and resources.
- A historical summary about the Holocaust
in Izieu, France and the trial of Klaus Barbie.
- An annotated bibliography of texts on the
Holocaust and France.
2. Major Web sites on the Holocaust
HOTLISTS: DIRECTORIES OF HOLOCAUST-RELATED WEB RESOURCES
David Dickersons Homepage
David Dickerson maintains this personal
homepage as part of his collaboration with the folks at I*EARN.
- Comprehensive annotated list of links to
Holocaust-related web sites as well as web sites on
Antisemitism, and Jewish culture and history.
Holocaust and Jewish Studies
Dr. Dan Graf, a history professor at Virginia
Wesleyan College, created this list of Holocaust-related links.
It is not annotated, but it is fairly extensive and easy-to-use.
Remembering the Holocaust
This is a personal web site created by Andrew
Rajchera, a descendant of Polish Holocaust survivors in
Australia. Rajchera created this page as memorial to those who
perished and to honor those who survived. It includes:
- Links to major Holocaust-related web
sites, most of which are found in this web directory;
this site is quick and very easy to use.
Dr. Al Filreiss Literature of the
Dr. Filreis, an English teacher at the
University of Pennsylvania, created this site as a reference list
for students in his Literature of the Holocaust class. It
- A lengthy list of Internet resources
related to the Holocaust, as well as texts that Dr.
Filreis uses in his class. Not as user-friendly as the
hotlists mentioned above, but it provides an extensive
set of relatively eclectic links.
Cybrary of the Holocaust
The Cybrary of the Holocaust is continuously
adding information to its web site, and is one of the largest
Holocaust-related web sites geared toward educators and students.
This site includes:
- An encyclopedic collection of historical
- Answers to frequently asked questions
- Curriculum outlines (including a lesson
plan on Anne Frank)
- Excerpts from survivor testimony,
transcripts of Nazi speeches and official documents
- Artifact photos, historical photos
- Student artwork and poetry
- On-line survivor and liberator memoirs
- Links to other Holocaust sites, and more.
- Audio clips and transcripts of survivor
testimony and interviews with scholars are available.
Additions to this site include photo tours of Auschwitz,
genealogy tracing information, liberator testimony and
photographs, student work, and online chats with scholars
Ben Austins Holocaust/Shoah
Ben Austin, a sociology professor at Middle
Tennessee State University, constructed this web site to support
his class, "The Sociology of Genocide and the
Holocaust." It includes:
- A large amount of historical information,
including sections specifically on The Nuremberg Laws,
Kristallnacht, the "Euthanasia Program," The
Final Solution, Children in the Holocaust, Gypsies,
Homosexuals, and the International Military Tribunal and
- Nazi death camp documents from the Yad
- News and Current Events.
- A glossary and chronology.
- Information about Holocaust Denial.
- Professor Austin also maintains a site at http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/COURSES/SOC415/hologen.html that includes his course syllabus, an extensive
bibliography, and suggested term paper topics.
This Spanish language web site was created by
Alberto A. Pink·s and is hosted by the Glue Network at the
University of Maryland. It includes:
- A historical summary, photographs, and
statistics on Jewish dead.
- The Wiesenthal Centers FAQ list.
- Links to Holocaust and human
rights-related web sites.
An Auschwitz Alphabet
Jonathan Blumens personal web site is
dedicated to Primo Levi, chemist, writer and survivor of
Auschwitz. While Blumen does not try to be as comprehensive as
the Cybrary or Nizkor, his site gives a general overview of the
Holocaust through excerpts from memoirs and scholarly writings,
primarily Levis. The site also includes a rationale and
philosophy written by the author who explains his personal and
theological interpretations of the Holocaust, including his
belief that "there is no god." Includes links to other
The History Place: World War Two in
The History Place http://www.historyplace.com/ -- is a commercial organization whose web site is
"dedicated to students, educators, and all who enjoy
history!" The World War Two in Europe section
- Extensive illustrated timelines about the
rise of Adolf Hitler, World War II in Europe, and the
- Bibliographies of several Nazi leaders.
- Links to history books that are sold
through the Amazon.com on-line bookstore.
CONCENTRATION CAMPS AND LIBERATION
Remembering the Holocaust
This article from the magazine, Ohio Online,
tells the story of a German refugee turned American army
liberator, and includes links to his photo exhibition, In the
Camps, at the Goethe Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio --www.goethe.de/trans/.
Mauthausen Concentration Camp Memorial
The official Mauthausen Concentration Camp
Memorial web site of the Austrian Ministry of the Interior. This
- General information about the memorial.
- Detailed history, maps, and photographs of
- An extensive bibliography of literature
about Mauthausen (many entries are German language)
- News about events at the memorial.
Sponsored by ORF, the Austrian Broadcasting
Corporation, this site on the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp
- Detailed history and documentary
- Bibliography on the Holocaust and
- Links to related sites.
Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site
Still under construction, the official web site
of the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial presently
- A brief history of the camp.
- General information for planning a visit
to the memorial.
- Links to related sites (including the web
sites of other German concentration camp memorials).
- Inactive links to the Museum, Archives,
and Library. Presumably the site will expand to include
materials from these departments.
The official site of the Buchenwald
Concentration Camp Memorial (Gedenkstatte) includes:
- A brief history of the camp.
- An interactive camp map with photographs.
- General information about the memorial,
archives, library, and youth center.
- Information about events.
- Books available from the Book Store
The Forgotten Camps
This site was developed by Vincent Chatel (the
son of a survivor) and Chuck Ferrela (a liberator) to provide
histories of several small Nazi concentration camps, labor camps,
and transit camps. It includes:
- Historical summaries.
- Testimonies, documents, and photographs.
- An exhibitions of a survivors
- A bibliography.
Gunskirchen, Austria May 4, 1945
This site was personally mounted by John
Mooney. It includes:
- Text and graphics from a U.S. Army
pamphlet called "The 71st came to the
Gunskirchen Lager." The pamphlet reflects the
details of the U.S. armys initial arrival at the
- A veterans letter to the Austrian
embassy regarding his experiences during the camps
Twelfth Armored Division and the
Liberation of Death Camps
Created by students in the History Department
of Abilene Christian University, this site includes:
- Numerous written accounts of liberation
given by members of the 12th Armored Division.
- A few news reports about the liberation of
Kaufering in Landsberg.
- Photographs taken by American GIs.
- Maps of the area.
- Links to other Holocaust-related sites.
Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp
A subsection of the official homepage of the
104th Infantry Division National Timberwolf Association, this web
site is portrays the history of the 104th Infantry Divisions
liberation of Mittelbau-Dora. For more information about the 104th,
visit the URL <Members.aol.com/InfDiv104>. This site
- A brief history of the liberation.
- Written excerpts from liberators
- Links to several other sites related to
Mittelbau-Dora and its liberation.
LChaim: A Holocaust Web Project
Developed and maintained by Robert J. Bennett,
a graduate student at the University of Baltimore, this site
- A virtual tour of the Dachau concentration
camp which incorporates photographs and primary source
- Excerpts from a survivors book and
two photo essays (one of Dachau and one of Auschwitz).
- A glossary and links to other
Holocaust-related web sites.
The Netherlands in World War II: A
This site, hosted at the University of Southern
California server, highlights two lectures presented by Anthony
Anderson at USC on October 17, 1995 and October 24, 1995
respectively. The site also includes a bibliography. The lecture
- A Forgotten Chapter: Holland Under the
- Anne Frank Was Not Alone: Holland and the
Ghetto Bochnia 1941-1943
A personal site created by I. Zelinkovsky. This
site is the product of Zelinkovskys personal research into
his familys history during the Holocaust in the Bochnia
ghetto. It includes:
- An extensive history of the Bochnia
- Unpublished survivor testimonies from the
Yad Vashem archives.
- Information about the Kant family.
DOCUMENTS AND PHOTOS
The Avalon Project at the Yale Law
School: 20th Century
The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School,
directed by William C. Fray and Lisa A. Spar, contains digital
documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics,
Politics, Diplomacy and Government. The 20th century
section of the site includes:
- Documents from the International Military
Tribunal at Nuremberg, among others: the Hague
Conventions, Munich Pact and Associated Documents,
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, Night and Fog Decree
(Nacht und Nebel Erlass), Program of the National
Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), The Stroop
Report : The Warsaw Ghetto is No More, The Treaty of
Versailles; June 28, 1919, and Tripartite Pact.
History of Germany: Primary Documents
Richard Hacken, the European Studies
Bibliographer in the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young
University, maintains this site. It contains an extensive list of
links to various websites containing on-line documents related to
German history. There are links to several documents on Nazism
and the Holocaust including:
- The Munich Pact Agreement, the
Franco-German Armistice, documents and agreements
reflecting Nazi-Soviet Relations, the Jager report
documenting the mass murder of Lithuanian Jewry by the SS
einsatzgruppen, the Wannsee Protocol, order from Hermann
G^ring to Reinhard Heydrich authorizing the "Final
Solution," an eyewitness account of einsatz
executions, Heinrich Himmlers speech to SS group
leaders in Posen, the Convention on the Prevention and
Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, texts including
pronouncements, speeches and orders of Adolf Hitler,
Walter von Reichenau and others, World War II treaties,
agreements & instruments of surrender, excerpts from
German Propaganda Archive: Nazi and East
Hosted through the Department of Communication
Arts and Sciences of Calvin College in Grand Rapids, MI, this
- Excerpts from speeches and articles by
Goebbels, Hitler, and Hess.
- Nazi reports and writings on the use of
- Examples of Nazi antisemitic propaganda,
including cartoons from Der Sturmer and pictures
and translations from Der Giftpilz (The Poison
- German posters from the Nazi era and other
- A bibliography on Nazi propaganda.
- CAUTION: This site includes
powerful examples of Nazi propaganda. For a discussion on
the topic of using Nazi propaganda with students, see Using
Nazi Propaganda for Teaching by Stig
Hornshoj-Moller at <ftp.nyct.net/pub/users/tallpaul/docs/anti-fa/afdoc008.txt>. Hornshoj-Moller also has another essay on
propaganda and extermination available on-line at <ftp.nyct.net/pub/users/tallpaul/docs/anti-fa/afdoc009.txt>.
Electric Zen: The Einsatzgruppen
This personal page was created by Ken Lewis. It
- Situational reports of the Einsatzgruppen
and Nazi officials.
- Trial testimony of indicted officials.
- Other primary source documents and
- A message attacking Holocaust deniers.
Court TV Casefiles on the Nuremberg
Court TV hosts this web site on the Nuremberg
Trials. Although visitors will notice many typos and
misspellings, the site includes quite a bit of information:
- Background information about the trial and
an interview with an American prosecutor from the trial.
- Partial transcripts of opening and closing
statements, indictments, testimonies, and
cross-examinations at the trial.
Holocaust Pictures Exhibition
FranÁois Schmitz created this photo gallery to
provide easier access to Holocaust photographs that were
originally displayed on the Nysernet Holocaust gopher by Daniel
Keren. This site includes:
SURVIVORS, VICTIMS, AND THEIR
- Photo exhibit of 37 "posters"
containing a photograph, caption and source in both
French and English.
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History
Founded by Steven Spielberg in 1994, Survivors
of the Shoah Visual History Foundation is a nonprofit
organization dedicated to videotaping and archiving interviews of
Holocaust survivors all over the world. The Foundation is
compiling the most comprehensive library of survivor testimony
ever assembled. This site presently contains general information.
Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust
A collection of over 3,700 videotaped
interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust, the
Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies is part of
Manuscripts and Archives, at Sterling Memorial Library, Yale
University. Their web site includes:
- General information about the archive and
how to order videotapes for classroom loans.
- Audio and video clips of several
testimonies from survivors, liberators, rescuers and
Holocaust Survivor Oral History Project
Dr. Sid Bolkosky, Professor of History at the
University of Michigan -Dearborn, has interviewed over 150
survivors of the Holocaust. Recordings and transcriptions of his
interviews are becoming available at the Mardigian Library of the
University of Michigan--Dearborn through Interlibrary Loan. This
web site highlights:
- Audio clips of several survivor
Anne Frank Online
The Anne Frank Center USA was founded in 1977
to educate people about the causes, instruments and dangers of
discrimination and violence through the story of Anne Frank. This
- General information about the Anne Frank
Center USA and the travelling exhibit, Anne Frank in
the World, 1929-1945.
- Historical summary and photographs about
Anne and her diary.
- Expected additions to the site include:
historical information about the Holocaust and
educational materials for the classroom.
An Interview with Primo Levi
This personal site was created by an
Israeli-born composer living in New York. It includes the
transcript of an Italian television crews interview with
Primo Levi during his visit to Auschwitz in 1982, 40 years after
his imprisonment there. Includes images of book covers,
portraits, and photographs. This site offers unique and personal
recollections; it is especially worth a visit for fans of
Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of
A collection of materials compiled by Judy
Cohen. This web site includes:
- Scholarly essays and reports on: women in
the resistance and amongst partisans; interpreting female
narratives; and female rescuers.
- Poetry, personal reflections, and tributes
- A bibliography on women in the Holocaust.
When Heavens Vault Cracked: Zagreb
Dani Novak has placed his mother Zdenkas
memoir on-line. This personal web site provides the complete
memoir of a Yugoslavian Jew during the Holocaust.
The Impact of the Holocaust on Survivors
and Their Children
An essay written by Sandra S. Williams in the
Judaic Studies Program at the University of Central Florida. Also
available on-line from Williams is a paper entitled The
Origins of Christian Anti-semitism at http://ddi.digital.net/~billw/ANTI/anti-semitism.html. Both essays include footnotes and bibliographies.
NON-JEWISH VICTIMS OF THE NAZIS
Five Million Forgotten
Five Million Forgotten is a project of the
Holocaust Forgotten Memorial in Encino, CA. Terese Pencak
Schwartz, a child of Christian Polish survivors, wrote the
primary text of the site. Her primary sources of information were The Forgotten Holocaust by Richard C. Lukas and The
Jews and the Poles in World War II by Stefan Korbonski. This
- Short summaries about Nazi treatment of
non-Jewish victim groups.
- A small collection of photographs.
- Written excerpts of eyewitness
- Links to other relevant sites.
This personal site is maintained by Peter
Stuart of Hawaii. It includes information about Romani history,
language, culture, persecution, and more.
Watchtower: Official Web site of
A publication of the Watch Tower Bible and
Tract Society of Pennsylvania, this site includes information
The Pink Triangle Pages: The history of
Nazi persecution of gay men and lesbians
Maintained on the Carnegie Mellon University
server by Scott Safier, this personal page provides a good,
footnoted history of gays during the Holocaust. The background
color of the screen is hot pink which can make the site difficult
to read. Includes:
- Information about paragraph 175, specific
camps, and lesbians
- Written excerpts from survivor memoirs
- List of reference materials
RESCUE AND RESISTANCE
To Save a Life -- Stories of Jewish
Written and maintained by Ellen Land-Weber,
this site contains excerpts from an unpublished book about the
rescue of Jews during the Holocaust. Ellen Land-Weber teaches
photography and digital imaging in the Art Department of Humboldt
State University in Arcata, CA. The inspiration for her book is
the study of altruism by Humboldt State University Professors
Samuel and Pearl Oliner. This site features:
- Extensive personal narratives of rescuers
(and the people they rescued) with photographs.
- Links to related sites
Labor and the Holocaust: The Jewish Labor
Committee and the Anti-Nazi Struggle
Hosted by New York University, this web site
highlights material both graphic and textual in the Jewish Labor
Committee collection at NYUs Robert F. Wagner Labor
Archives. Photographs and documents are integrated into chapters
of text. The site includes information on:
- The origins of the Jewish Labor Committee.
- The JLCs anti-Nazi activities and
- The Holocaust.
- The JLCs child adoption program.
- Postwar aid, reconstruction and politics.
- A bibliography on the Jewish Labor
Committee and American labor and responses to the
The White Rose
This personal site on the German resistance
group, the White Rose, includes:
- An overview of the history of the White
- Biographies of the major personalities
connected to the White Rose.
- German and English translations of the
leaflets distributed by the White Rose.
- A well organized annotated bibliography,
videography, and listings of other resources.
- A timeline of the White Rose.
- Links to articles and other sites about
the White Rose in several other languages.
The Raoul Wallenberg homepage was written and
designed by David J Metzler. The primary history sources for Mr.
Metzlers research were Swedish Portraits - Raoul
Wallenberg by Jan Larsson and published by the Swedish
Institute 1996, and With Raoul Wallenberg In Budapest by
Per Anger and published by the United States Holocaust Museum
1996. This site includes:
- Historical background on Wallenberg with
- Contact information for Associations and
Organizations that honor Raoul Wallenberg.
- Links to related sites on Wallenberg,
rescuers, and the Holocaust. Among them are The
Raoul Wallenberg Project Interviews site at http://rwa.bibks.uu.se/ which contains written transcripts of
interviews with 60 people rescued by Wallenberg, and The
Per Anger: A Swedish Hero site at http://www.raoul-wallenberg.com/per-anger/ which includes a history of Per Angers
rescue operations with Wallenberg and links to various
Oswego: The Safe Haven
Based out of Oswego, NY, Safe Haven Inc. is a
non-profit volunteer organization dedicated to telling the story
of the American shelter for refugees fleeing the Nazis -- the
Fort Ontario Emergency Refugee Shelter. This site was developed
with the assistance of the Syracuse Newspapers and New World
Media. In addition, Safe Haven Inc. has developed a curriculum to
be used in high schools and colleges. Their site includes:
- Extensive excerpts from testimonies of
survivors and other eyewitnesses who were present at Fort
- General information and a photo gallery.
Archive of Materials on Bulgarian Jewry
Plamen Bliznakov, a 1996 PhD graduate of the
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Arizona
State University, maintains this personal site. It includes:
- Materials relating to the little-known
rescue of Bulgarian Jewry during the Holocaust.
- Links to web sites relating to Bulgarian
and Jewish history.
Rescuers During the Holocaust:
Books -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/rescuers.html
Articles -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/re-articles.html
Videos -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/re-videos.html
Maintained by Mary A. Mark, M.Sc., a research
programmar at Carnegie Mellon University, these sites include:
- Non-annotated listings of books, articles
and videos about rescuers during the Holocaust.
3. Educational Resources and Programs:
Teacher Training, Resources, Cooperative Learning and Discussion
Southern Institute for Education and
Research at Tulane University
Located on the Tulane University campus and
governed by an independent, volunteer board of directors, the
Southern Institute for Education and Research is a non-profit
race and ethnic relations center dedicated to promoting tolerance
through education and training. Their web site highlights
antibias education training resources for combating prejudice
- Information about diversity training
workshops, Holocaust education and civil rights
- Lesson plans including excerpts from an
on-line lesson plan on Schindlers List and
one on "everyday people" during the Holocaust.
- Transcripts of Holocaust survivor
- Links to other sites on civil rights,
human rights, the Holocaust, Judaism/Jewish history, and
H-HOLOCAUST is a member of the
H-NET Humanities & Social Sciences On-Line initiative
sponsored by Michigan State University. H-HOLOCAUST exists so scholars of the Holocaust can communicate with each
other using internet technology, and makes available diverse
bibliographical, research and teaching aids. This web site
corresponds to an electronic discussion list of the same name
serving scholors of the Holocaust. Three other discussion lists
maintained under H-Net are H-ANTIS (History of Antisemitism),
H-JUDAIC (Jewish Studies), and H-GERMAN (German History). Their
corresponding homepages are found at http://h-net.msu.edu/~antis/, http://h-net2.msu.edu/~judaic/,
and http://h-net.msu.edu/~german/. The H-HOLOCAUST Homepage includes:
- Information about subscribing to the
H-HOLOCAUST discussion list.
- Scholarly book reviews.
- Logs of previous discussion threads from
the H-HOLOCAUST discussion list, archived course syllabi,
and professional papers.
- Links to Holocaust-related web sites.
I*EARN: Holocaust and Genocide Project
I*EARN is a non-profit service that
facilitates international cooperative distance learning for
secondary school students using the Web and other media. I*EARN includes a project specifically on the Holocaust and genocide.
The Holocaust and Genocide Project (HGP) involves schools
(Grades 7-12) living in countries including the United States,
Israel, Australia, Poland, Germany, Argentina, Romania, Russia,
and Cambodia. The HGP web site includes:
- General information about I*EARNs Holocaust and Genocide Project.
- Articles from previous editions of the
student generated magazine, An End to Intolerance.
- Bibliographies and an historical timeline
stored on the I*EARN gopher site.
- Information about the HGP study tour in
Europe and Israel.
- Links to related web sites.
Facing History and Ourselves
Facing History and Ourselves is a national
educational and professional development organization whose
mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an
examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to
promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry.
This site includes:
- General information about educator
workshops, resources, and research projects.
- Links to a student generated site
highlighting student writing and artwork.
- Links to regional office websites.
Social Studies School Service Catalogue
of Holocaust Resources & Materials
Social Studies School Service searches out,
evaluates and sells educational materials through over 30
different catalogues. This web site highlights books, videos,
posters, and other materials that are available in their
Holocaust resources & materials catalogue. It includes:
- Short descriptions and ordering
information for curriculum materials on the Holocaust in
general, Hitler and Nazism, resistance, righteous ones,
children & teens, moral issues, and prejudice.
- Internet Lesson Plans and Classroom
Activities on using Holocaust photographs and drawings,
rescuers, and on encountering Holocaust denial.
- An annotated list of Holocaust-related web
sites with ideas for integration into classwork.
A Teachers Guide to the Holocaust
This site was produced and maintained by the
Florida Center for Instructional Technology located in the
College of Education at the University of South Florida in Tampa.
- A timeline, documents, photographs,
glossary terms, and links to related web sites integrated
into a single multimedia project.
- Historical information categorized under
the titles "victims, perpetrators,
bystanders, resisters, rescuers, liberators,
survivors" also integrated with photographs,
documents, glossary terms, and links to related web
- Information about art, literature, and
music related to the Holocaust.
- A collection of student activities for use
in the classroom.
- A collection of teacher resources,
including: abstracts of articles from the ERIC database,
annotated bibliography and videography, links to
Holocaust-related primary source documents on the web,
glossary, a gallery of photographs, artwork and maps,
information about professional development,
Holocaust-related educational software, and links to
Holocaust Museums in Florida and other related web sites.
The Holocaust: A Guide to Pennsylvania
Written by Gary Grobman for the state of
Pennsylvania, this curriculum is available on-line through the
Virtual Jerusalem web site
<http://www.virtualjerusalem.com/>. The curriculum includes
- Stereotypes and Prejudices; Who Are The
Jews?; Classical and Christian Anti-Semitism; Modern
Anti-Semitism; Adolf Hitler; Nazi Fascism and the Modern
Totalitarian State; The First Steps Leading to the
"Final Solution"; The Seeds of War and World
Conquest; The "Final Solution"; Resisters,
Rescuers, and Bystanders; The Aftermath .
- Jews and Judaism: Culture, Religion,
and Current Events
Shamash: The Jewish Internet Consortium
Shamash is a worldwide consortium of Jewish
organizations and enterprises which collaborate to provide an
open Jewish network on the Internet. Their site contains a
massive annotated hotlist of web sites about Judaism and Jewish
resources. The Holocaust section of this site [http://shamash.org/holocaust/] includes:
- Excerpts from Nazi documents.
- Archive of historical photographs.
- Rebuttals of Holocaust deniers
- A short statistical survey on gassing
- Excerpts from testimonies of SS men, with
- Excerpts from ruling and verdicts of
German courts regarding Treblinka.
- A source bibliography.
- Historical discussion about the
"Protocols of the Elders of Zion."
Jewishnet: Global Jewish Information
Established by Dov Winer, Jewishnet is a
massive collection of Jewish-related links categorized under
various topic headings. Aside from links relating to the
Holocaust and antisemitism, this site provides a jumping off
point to information including:
- Israel, zionism, and aliyah
- Talmud, torah, and observance
- Jewish education, scholarship, and
- Culture: museums, music, and dance
- International and national organizations
- Media: newspapers, radio, and tv
- Jewish genealogy
- Hebrew and yiddish languages
- Web Servers; IRC, Chat, MOO; Discussion
Groups; Usenet News; Libraries; FTP and Gopher
The Virtual Shtetl: Yiddish Language and
Heralded as a "virtual community," by
its creator -- Iosif Vaisman, Director of Computational Resource
Molecular Sciences and Biotechnology and
Research Assistant Professor in the School of Pharmacy at the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill -- Shtetl includes:
- A library of books, articles, newspapers,
and other Yiddish language or Yiddish-oriented print
- Links to information on chasidim and
religion and Jewish education.
- The Holocaust and genealogy.
- Yiddish mailing lists.
- Yiddish culture: art, music, theater,
film, and events.
- Links to sites featuring historically
yiddish neighborhoods around the world.
- Eastern European Jewish cooking and
Virtual Jerusalem: The Jewish World From
the Heart of Israel
Virtual Jerusalem touts itself as
the largest Jewish web site on the internet; it has amassed links
to hundreds of sites of interest to Jews and non-Jews throughout
the world, including a significant amount of information on the
Holocaust at http://www.virtual.co.il/education/education/holocaust/. This section includes the Pennsylvania State
Curriculum on the Holocaust. Virtual Jerusalem also
includes a link to the Maven: The Virtual Know-It-All site
at http://www.maven.co.il/. Maven is a specialized search mechanism for finding
Jewish-related sites on the web.
- The breadth of topics covered on this site
are too numerous to list. Among other things, it includes
links to several major Israeli news services.
- A new Jewish-oriented search mechanism on
the web is Metzia -- Its URL is is http://www.metzia.com/.
Beyond the Pale: The History of Jews in
Conceived, researched, and written by Joke
Kniesmeyer and Daniel Cil Becher, Beyond the Pale is an on-line version of their original exhibit that has toured
Russia since 1995. The exhibit portrays the history of Jews in
Europe and in Russia to help understand their life, religion and
culture, as well as depicting the history of anti-Jewish
attitudes and anti-Semitism today. In the words of the exhibit
designers, "the exhibition wants to warn of the great
dangers of prejudice and intolerance, particularly in times of
political uncertainty and increased social tension."
Includes text, historical photos, and artifact photos
- Jewish Life in the Middle Ages
- The Development of Modern Anti-Semitism
- Jews in the Russian Empire
- Jews in the Soviet Union
- Nazism and the Holocaust
- Jews in the Soviet Union: 1941 to Present,
- Epilogue: Democracy and Minority Rights.
5. Germany: History, Culture, and Current Events
Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin
(German Historical Museum, Berlin)
Located in Berlin, the German Historical Museum
web site includes a searchable database of its collections (in
German), an extensive list of links to other museums
(particularly those in Germany including concentration camp
memorials), and several on-line exhibitions and presentations,
- "Tsingtao" A chapter of German
- Elective Affinity. Scandinavia and Germany
1800 - 1914
- "Party Order: A New Germany" -
Early GDR Iconography
- "Victoria and Albert, Vicky and
Kaiser Bill" - Anglo-German family relations
- "End and Beginning", photos of
- "Time Unveiled", photos by
- Mass Demonstrations in East Berlin, 4
H-GERMAN (See also H-HOLOCAUST in the Educational Resources and Programs section)
H-GERMAN is one of the H-Net
family of humanities networks sponsored by the Michigan State
University. It is a daily Internet discussion forum focused on
scholarly topics in German history. H-GERMAN solicits submissions in both German and English, and it is
designed primarily for spreading information to professional
historians, and membership is therefore restricted to active
scholars (professors, lecturers, librarians, archivists, graduate
students seeking a master's or doctorate, etc.). The web site
- General information about the discussion
- Reviews of books and articles on German
history (a substantial number on the Nazi era and
- Logs of previous discussion threads from H-German (the Goldhagen thesis is highlighted).
- Links to other sites of interest to
historians studying Germany.
- Suggested readings for graduate students.
Maintained by Sarah J. Zupko, M.A., Journalism,
The University of Texas at Austin, the German Resources page features information about Germany with an emphasis on
culture and media. This site is basically a list of links to
other web sites on Germany. It includes links to information
about cultural icons such as Goethe, Kandinsky, and Wagner, and
media resources such as Der Spiegel, Stern, and Die
This site offers:
- Up to date news from Germany in English.
Todays news is available and previous data can be
searched by month and year going back to 1995.