Holocaust Links

1. Museums and Memorials

UNITED STATES

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

http://www.ushmm.org/

Located in Washington, DC, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is America’s national institution for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust history and serves as this country’s memorial to the millions of people murdered during the Holocaust. This site includes:

  • General information about the memorial museum, how to plan a visit, and how to become a member.
  • Schedules and announcements of museum programs, special events, conferences, and workshops.
  • Teaching materials – Guidelines for teaching about the Holocaust, Historical summaries, and more.
  • Directory of member organizations in the Association of Holocaust Organizations.
  • Searchable database of photographs from the Museum’s Photo Archives.
  • Searchable database of Archive and Library catalogues.
  • On-line exhibitions and transcriptions of events and presentations at the Museum.
  • A University of Virginia student’s analysis of the USHMM is available at Memory Made Manifest: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum -- http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/HOLO/holo.html.

Simon Wiesenthal Center

http://www.wiesenthal.com/

Headquartered in Los Angeles, the Simon Wiesenthal Center is an international center for Holocaust remembrance, and the defense of human rights and the Jewish people. This site includes:

  • Answers to thirty-six frequently asked questions about the Holocaust.
  • Biographies of children who experienced the Holocaust.
  • Updates on current events and excerpts from the Center’s magazine, Response.
  • Information about hate groups on the Net.
  • Information about the Center, the Museum of Tolerance, and their programs.
  • Much of this site is translated into several languages including Spanish, German and Italian.
  • The Simon Wiesenthal Center also hosts the Museum of Tolerance On-Line Multimedia Learning Center at <http://motlc.wiesenthal.com>. Aside from a large on-line multimedia "learning center" resource on the Holocaust, this site provides answers to frequently asked questions about the Holocaust, on-line exhibitions, many specialized bibliographies, a glossary and timeline, and an impressive collection of publications including a book about Kristallnacht and several scholarly essays from the Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual Volumes and other publications.

ISRAEL

Yad Vashem: The Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority

http://www.yadvashem.org.il/

Located in Jerusalem, Yad Vashem is Israel’s national museum and memorial dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust. This site includes:

  • General information about the memorial and museum, the Information and Research Centers, the School for Holocaust Education, Resource Center for teachers, and current issues at Yad Vashem.
  • Answers to frequently asked questions about the Holocaust
  • Selected Bibliography on numerous Holocaust-related topics
  • Chronology (under construction)
  • Documents on the Holocaust on-line (an extensive collection of translated primary source documents)
  • Excerpts from other Yad Vashem publications, including Legacy education journal and Lost Jewish Worlds information on Jewish communities in Europe
  • A scholarly essay on photographic analysis of the Holocaust titled "Ordinary Men, Extraordinary Photographs"
  • Selected artifacts and works of art from the museum collections
  • Three on-line exhibitions: "No Child’s Play"; "Under This Blazing Light"; and "Visas for Life: Diplomats that Rescued Jews"
  • Educational and scholarly materials are available for purchase.

The Ghetto Fighters’ House: Museum of the Holocaust and Resistance

http://www.gfh.org.il/

Located on Kibbutz Lochamei Haghetaot in the northern Galilee region of Israel, the Ghetto Fighters’ House is dedicated to telling the story of the Holocaust and the endurance of the Jewish people. This site includes:

  • General information about the museum, programs, and resources
  • On-line exhibitions -- one art gallery and one on the topic of resisitance
  • Information about educational publications available for order
  • The American Friends of the Ghetto Fighters’ House also maintains a web site at -- http://www.amfriendsgfh.org/. Their site includes an on-line art gallery as well as information about ordering educational resources.

EUROPE

Memorial Museums for the Victims of National Socialism in Germany

http://www.dhm.de/ausstellungen/ns_gedenk/e/index.html

This web site, created and maintained by the Topography of Terror museum and memorial in Berlin, provides an overview and directory of memorials and museums to the victims of National Socialism in Germany. This site includes:

  • General information and historical summaries/timelines about Holocaust-related memorials and museums in Germany.
  • Lists of books and other materials about memorial sites.

Anne Frank House

www.annefrank.nl

The official web site of the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, Netherlands includes information about:

  • Anne Frank House Museum and its activities.
  • Anne Frank and her diary.
  • The Secret Annex, those who hid there, and their helpers.
  • Glossary and bibliography.

The Mechelen Museum of Deportation and Resistance

http://www.cicb.be/shoah/welcome.html

Belgium’s Holocaust Museum, located in the barracks of a former deportation center in Malines. It is a museum about the deportation of Belgian Jews as well as the anti-Nazi resistance. This site includes:

  • A brief historical exhibition about Jewish life in Belgium before the Holocaust, antisemitism and the rise of Nazism, Belgium under German occupation, round ups and deportations in Begium, resistance, liberation, personal testimonies, and rescuers in Belgium.

Musee Memorial des Enfants d’Izieu (Memorial Museum of the Children of Izieu)

http://www.izieu.alma.fr/

The Memorial Museum of the Children of Izieu keeps alive the memory of the children of Izieu, France who fell victim to the Nazi Holocaust. The site includes:

  • General information about the Museum, its exhibitions and resources.
  • A historical summary about the Holocaust in Izieu, France and the trial of Klaus Barbie.
  • An annotated bibliography of texts on the Holocaust and France.

2. Major Web sites on the Holocaust

HOTLISTS: DIRECTORIES OF HOLOCAUST-RELATED WEB RESOURCES

David Dickerson’s Homepage

http://www.igc.apc.org/ddickerson/

David Dickerson maintains this personal homepage as part of his collaboration with the folks at I*EARN. It includes:

  • Comprehensive annotated list of links to Holocaust-related web sites as well as web sites on Antisemitism, and Jewish culture and history.

Holocaust and Jewish Studies

http://www.vwc.edu/wwwpages/dgraf/holocaus.htm

Dr. Dan Graf, a history professor at Virginia Wesleyan College, created this list of Holocaust-related links. It is not annotated, but it is fairly extensive and easy-to-use.

Remembering the Holocaust

http://yarra.vicnet.net.au/~aragorn/holocaus.htm

This is a personal web site created by Andrew Rajchera, a descendant of Polish Holocaust survivors in Australia. Rajchera created this page as memorial to those who perished and to honor those who survived. It includes:

  • Links to major Holocaust-related web sites, most of which are found in this web directory; this site is quick and very easy to use.

Dr. Al Filreis’s Literature of the Holocaust

http://www.english.upenn.edu/~afilreis/Holocaust/holhome.html

Dr. Filreis, an English teacher at the University of Pennsylvania, created this site as a reference list for students in his Literature of the Holocaust class. It includes:

  • A lengthy list of Internet resources related to the Holocaust, as well as texts that Dr. Filreis uses in his class. Not as user-friendly as the hotlists mentioned above, but it provides an extensive set of relatively eclectic links.

THE HOLOCAUST

Cybrary of the Holocaust

http://www.remember.org

The Cybrary of the Holocaust is continuously adding information to its web site, and is one of the largest Holocaust-related web sites geared toward educators and students. This site includes:

  • An encyclopedic collection of historical information
  • Answers to frequently asked questions
  • Curriculum outlines (including a lesson plan on Anne Frank)
  • Excerpts from survivor testimony, transcripts of Nazi speeches and official documents
  • Artifact photos, historical photos
  • Student artwork and poetry
  • On-line survivor and liberator memoirs
  • Links to other Holocaust sites, and more.
  • Audio clips and transcripts of survivor testimony and interviews with scholars are available. Additions to this site include photo tours of Auschwitz, genealogy tracing information, liberator testimony and photographs, student work, and online chats with scholars

Ben Austin’s Holocaust/Shoah

http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/holo.html

Ben Austin, a sociology professor at Middle Tennessee State University, constructed this web site to support his class, "The Sociology of Genocide and the Holocaust." It includes:

  • A large amount of historical information, including sections specifically on The Nuremberg Laws, Kristallnacht, the "Euthanasia Program," The Final Solution, Children in the Holocaust, Gypsies, Homosexuals, and the International Military Tribunal and postwar trials.
  • Nazi death camp documents from the Yad Vashem Archives.
  • News and Current Events.
  • A glossary and chronology.
  • Information about Holocaust Denial.
  • Professor Austin also maintains a site at http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/COURSES/SOC415/hologen.html that includes his course syllabus, an extensive bibliography, and suggested term paper topics.

Holocausto

http://www.glue.umd.edu/%7Eaap/shoah.html

This Spanish language web site was created by Alberto A. Pink·s and is hosted by the Glue Network at the University of Maryland. It includes:

  • A historical summary, photographs, and statistics on Jewish dead.
  • The Wiesenthal Center’s FAQ list.
  • Links to Holocaust and human rights-related web sites.

An Auschwitz Alphabet

http://www.spectacle.org/695/ausch.html

Jonathan Blumen’s personal web site is dedicated to Primo Levi, chemist, writer and survivor of Auschwitz. While Blumen does not try to be as comprehensive as the Cybrary or Nizkor, his site gives a general overview of the Holocaust through excerpts from memoirs and scholarly writings, primarily Levi’s. The site also includes a rationale and philosophy written by the author who explains his personal and theological interpretations of the Holocaust, including his belief that "there is no god." Includes links to other Holocaust-related sites.

The History Place: World War Two in Europe

http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/

The History Place – http://www.historyplace.com/ -- is a commercial organization whose web site is "dedicated to students, educators, and all who enjoy history!" The World War Two in Europe section includes:

  • Extensive illustrated timelines about the rise of Adolf Hitler, World War II in Europe, and the Holocaust.
  • Bibliographies of several Nazi leaders.
  • Links to history books that are sold through the Amazon.com on-line bookstore.

CONCENTRATION CAMPS AND LIBERATION

Remembering the Holocaust

http://www.ohioonline.net/v01/i04/holocaust.html

This article from the magazine, Ohio Online, tells the story of a German refugee turned American army liberator, and includes links to his photo exhibition, In the Camps, at the Goethe Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio --www.goethe.de/trans/.

Mauthausen Concentration Camp Memorial

http://www.mauthausen-memorial.gv.at/engl/index.html

The official Mauthausen Concentration Camp Memorial web site of the Austrian Ministry of the Interior. This site includes:

  • General information about the memorial.
  • Detailed history, maps, and photographs of the camp.
  • An extensive bibliography of literature about Mauthausen (many entries are German language)
  • News about events at the memorial.

KZ Mauthausen-Gusen

http://linz.orf.at/orf/gusen/

Sponsored by ORF, the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation, this site on the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp includes:

  • Detailed history and documentary photographs.
  • Bibliography on the Holocaust and Mauthausen-Gusen.
  • Links to related sites.

Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site

http://www.infospace.de/gedenkstaette/english/index.html

Still under construction, the official web site of the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial presently includes:

  • A brief history of the camp.
  • General information for planning a visit to the memorial.
  • Links to related sites (including the web sites of other German concentration camp memorials).
  • Inactive links to the Museum, Archives, and Library. Presumably the site will expand to include materials from these departments.

Gedenkstatte Buchenwald

http://195.145.20.2/www.buchenwald.de/index-e.htm

The official site of the Buchenwald Concentration Camp Memorial (Gedenkstatte) includes:

  • A brief history of the camp.
  • An interactive camp map with photographs.
  • General information about the memorial, archives, library, and youth center.
  • Information about events.
  • Books available from the Book Store (German language).

The Forgotten Camps

http://www2.3dresearch.com/~june/Vincent/Camps/CampsEngl.html

This site was developed by Vincent Chatel (the son of a survivor) and Chuck Ferrela (a liberator) to provide histories of several small Nazi concentration camps, labor camps, and transit camps. It includes:

  • Historical summaries.
  • Testimonies, documents, and photographs.
  • An exhibitions of a survivor’s drawings.
  • A bibliography.

Gunskirchen, Austria – May 4, 1945

http://javanet.com/~jmooney/71st_html/index.html

This site was personally mounted by John Mooney. It includes:

  • Text and graphics from a U.S. Army pamphlet called "The 71st came to the Gunskirchen Lager." The pamphlet reflects the details of the U.S. army’s initial arrival at the camp.
  • A veteran’s letter to the Austrian embassy regarding his experiences during the camp’s liberation.

Twelfth Armored Division and the Liberation of Death Camps

http://nicanor.acu.edu/academics/history/12ad/campsx/cover.htm

Created by students in the History Department of Abilene Christian University, this site includes:

  • Numerous written accounts of liberation given by members of the 12th Armored Division.
  • A few news reports about the liberation of Kaufering in Landsberg.
  • Photographs taken by American GIs.
  • Maps of the area.
  • Links to other Holocaust-related sites.

Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp

Members.aol.com/InfDiv104/CONCAMP.HTM

A subsection of the official homepage of the 104th Infantry Division National Timberwolf Association, this web site is portrays the history of the 104th Infantry Divisions liberation of Mittelbau-Dora. For more information about the 104th, visit the URL <Members.aol.com/InfDiv104>. This site includes:

  • A brief history of the liberation.
  • Written excerpts from liberator’s testimony.
  • Links to several other sites related to Mittelbau-Dora and its liberation.

L’Chaim: A Holocaust Web Project

http://www.charm.net/~rbennett/l’chaim.html

Developed and maintained by Robert J. Bennett, a graduate student at the University of Baltimore, this site highlights:

  • A virtual tour of the Dachau concentration camp which incorporates photographs and primary source text.
  • Excerpts from a survivor’s book and two photo essays (one of Dachau and one of Auschwitz).
  • A glossary and links to other Holocaust-related web sites.

GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS

The Netherlands in World War II: A Bibliography

http://www-lib.usc.edu/~anthonya/dutbib.htm

This site, hosted at the University of Southern California server, highlights two lectures presented by Anthony Anderson at USC on October 17, 1995 and October 24, 1995 respectively. The site also includes a bibliography. The lecture titles are:

  • A Forgotten Chapter: Holland Under the Third Reich
  • Anne Frank Was Not Alone: Holland and the Holocaust

Ghetto Bochnia 1941-1943

http://connection.com/yizkor/INDEX.HTM

A personal site created by I. Zelinkovsky. This site is the product of Zelinkovsky’s personal research into his family’s history during the Holocaust in the Bochnia ghetto. It includes:

  • An extensive history of the Bochnia ghetto.
  • Unpublished survivor testimonies from the Yad Vashem archives.
  • Information about the Kant family.

DOCUMENTS AND PHOTOS

The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School: 20th Century Documents

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/20th.htm

The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School, directed by William C. Fray and Lisa A. Spar, contains digital documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. The 20th century section of the site includes:

  • Documents from the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, among others: the Hague Conventions, Munich Pact and Associated Documents, Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, Night and Fog Decree (Nacht und Nebel Erlass), Program of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), The Stroop Report : The Warsaw Ghetto is No More, The Treaty of Versailles; June 28, 1919, and Tripartite Pact.

History of Germany: Primary Documents

http://library.byu.edu/~rdh/eurodocs/germany.html

Richard Hacken, the European Studies Bibliographer in the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University, maintains this site. It contains an extensive list of links to various websites containing on-line documents related to German history. There are links to several documents on Nazism and the Holocaust including:

  • The Munich Pact Agreement, the Franco-German Armistice, documents and agreements reflecting Nazi-Soviet Relations, the Jager report documenting the mass murder of Lithuanian Jewry by the SS einsatzgruppen, the Wannsee Protocol, order from Hermann G^ring to Reinhard Heydrich authorizing the "Final Solution," an eyewitness account of einsatz executions, Heinrich Himmler’s speech to SS group leaders in Posen, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, texts including pronouncements, speeches and orders of Adolf Hitler, Walter von Reichenau and others, World War II treaties, agreements & instruments of surrender, excerpts from Nuremberg proceedings..

German Propaganda Archive: Nazi and East German Propaganda

http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/

Hosted through the Department of Communication Arts and Sciences of Calvin College in Grand Rapids, MI, this site highlights:

  • Excerpts from speeches and articles by Goebbels, Hitler, and Hess.
  • Nazi reports and writings on the use of propaganda.
  • Examples of Nazi antisemitic propaganda, including cartoons from Der Sturmer and pictures and translations from Der Giftpilz (The Poison Mushroom).
  • German posters from the Nazi era and other miscellaneous propaganda.
  • A bibliography on Nazi propaganda.
  • CAUTION: This site includes powerful examples of Nazi propaganda. For a discussion on the topic of using Nazi propaganda with students, see Using Nazi Propaganda for Teaching by Stig Hornshoj-Moller at <ftp.nyct.net/pub/users/tallpaul/docs/anti-fa/afdoc008.txt>. Hornshoj-Moller also has another essay on propaganda and extermination available on-line at <ftp.nyct.net/pub/users/tallpaul/docs/anti-fa/afdoc009.txt>.

Electric Zen: The Einsatzgruppen

http://www.pgonline.com/electriczen/index.html

This personal page was created by Ken Lewis. It includes:

  • Situational reports of the Einsatzgruppen and Nazi officials.
  • Trial testimony of indicted officials.
  • Other primary source documents and photographs.
  • A message attacking Holocaust deniers.

Court TV Casefiles on the Nuremberg Trials

http://www.courttv.com/casefiles/nuremberg/

Court TV hosts this web site on the Nuremberg Trials. Although visitors will notice many typos and misspellings, the site includes quite a bit of information:

  • Background information about the trial and an interview with an American prosecutor from the trial.
  • Partial transcripts of opening and closing statements, indictments, testimonies, and cross-examinations at the trial.

Holocaust Pictures Exhibition

http://modb.oce.ulg.ac.be/schmitz/holocaust.html

FranÁois Schmitz created this photo gallery to provide easier access to Holocaust photographs that were originally displayed on the Nysernet Holocaust gopher by Daniel Keren. This site includes:

  • Photo exhibit of 37 "posters" containing a photograph, caption and source in both French and English.
  • SURVIVORS, VICTIMS, AND THEIR FAMILIES
  • Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation

    http://www.vhf.org/

    Founded by Steven Spielberg in 1994, Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to videotaping and archiving interviews of Holocaust survivors all over the world. The Foundation is compiling the most comprehensive library of survivor testimony ever assembled. This site presently contains general information.

    Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies

    http://www.library.yale.edu/testimonies/homepage.html

    A collection of over 3,700 videotaped interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust, the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies is part of Manuscripts and Archives, at Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University. Their web site includes:

    • General information about the archive and how to order videotapes for classroom loans.
    • Audio and video clips of several testimonies from survivors, liberators, rescuers and bystanders.

    Holocaust Survivor Oral History Project

    http://www.umd.umich.edu/lib/holo/

    Dr. Sid Bolkosky, Professor of History at the University of Michigan -Dearborn, has interviewed over 150 survivors of the Holocaust. Recordings and transcriptions of his interviews are becoming available at the Mardigian Library of the University of Michigan--Dearborn through Interlibrary Loan. This web site highlights:

    • Audio clips of several survivor testimonies.

    Anne Frank Online

    http://www.annefrank.com/

    The Anne Frank Center USA was founded in 1977 to educate people about the causes, instruments and dangers of discrimination and violence through the story of Anne Frank. This site includes:

    • General information about the Anne Frank Center USA and the travelling exhibit, Anne Frank in the World, 1929-1945.
    • Historical summary and photographs about Anne and her diary.
    • Expected additions to the site include: historical information about the Holocaust and educational materials for the classroom.

    An Interview with Primo Levi

    http://www.inch.com/~ari/levi1.html

    This personal site was created by an Israeli-born composer living in New York. It includes the transcript of an Italian television crew’s interview with Primo Levi during his visit to Auschwitz in 1982, 40 years after his imprisonment there. Includes images of book covers, portraits, and photographs. This site offers unique and personal recollections; it is especially worth a visit for fans of Levi’s writings.

    Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of Their Own

    http://www.interlog.com/~mighty/

    A collection of materials compiled by Judy Cohen. This web site includes:

    • Scholarly essays and reports on: women in the resistance and amongst partisans; interpreting female narratives; and female rescuers.
    • Poetry, personal reflections, and tributes to individuals.
    • A bibliography on women in the Holocaust.

    When Heaven’s Vault Cracked: Zagreb Memories

    http://www.clarityconnect.com/webpages/novak/zdenka/table.htm

    Dani Novak has placed his mother Zdenka’s memoir on-line. This personal web site provides the complete memoir of a Yugoslavian Jew during the Holocaust.

    The Impact of the Holocaust on Survivors and Their Children

    http://ddi.digital.net/~billw/HOLOCAUST/holocaust.html

    An essay written by Sandra S. Williams in the Judaic Studies Program at the University of Central Florida. Also available on-line from Williams is a paper entitled The Origins of Christian Anti-semitism at http://ddi.digital.net/~billw/ANTI/anti-semitism.html. Both essays include footnotes and bibliographies.

    NON-JEWISH VICTIMS OF THE NAZIS

    Five Million Forgotten

    http://www.holocaustforgotten.com/

    Five Million Forgotten is a project of the Holocaust Forgotten Memorial in Encino, CA. Terese Pencak Schwartz, a child of Christian Polish survivors, wrote the primary text of the site. Her primary sources of information were The Forgotten Holocaust by Richard C. Lukas and The Jews and the Poles in World War II by Stefan Korbonski. This site includes:

    • Short summaries about Nazi treatment of non-Jewish victim groups.
    • A small collection of photographs.
    • Written excerpts of eyewitness testimonies.
    • Links to other relevant sites.

    Roma Homepage

    http://www.aloha.net/~bohem/roma.html

    This personal site is maintained by Peter Stuart of Hawaii. It includes information about Romani history, language, culture, persecution, and more.

    Watchtower: Official Web site of Jehovah’s Witnesses

    http://www.watchtower.org/

    A publication of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, this site includes information about:

    The Pink Triangle Pages: The history of Nazi persecution of gay men and lesbians

  • http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs/user/scotts/bulgarians/pink.html
  • Maintained on the Carnegie Mellon University server by Scott Safier, this personal page provides a good, footnoted history of gays during the Holocaust. The background color of the screen is hot pink which can make the site difficult to read. Includes:

    • Information about paragraph 175, specific camps, and lesbians
    • Written excerpts from survivor memoirs
    • List of reference materials

    RESCUE AND RESISTANCE

    To Save a Life -- Stories of Jewish Rescue

    http://www.humboldt.edu/~rescuers/

    Written and maintained by Ellen Land-Weber, this site contains excerpts from an unpublished book about the rescue of Jews during the Holocaust. Ellen Land-Weber teaches photography and digital imaging in the Art Department of Humboldt State University in Arcata, CA. The inspiration for her book is the study of altruism by Humboldt State University Professors Samuel and Pearl Oliner. This site features:

    • Extensive personal narratives of rescuers (and the people they rescued) with photographs.
    • Links to related sites

    Labor and the Holocaust: The Jewish Labor Committee and the Anti-Nazi Struggle

    http://www.bobst.nyu.edu/digicolls/tam/exhibits/JLC/opener.html

    Hosted by New York University, this web site highlights material both graphic and textual in the Jewish Labor Committee collection at NYU’s Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. Photographs and documents are integrated into chapters of text. The site includes information on:

    • The origins of the Jewish Labor Committee.
    • The JLC’s anti-Nazi activities and rescue efforts.
    • The Holocaust.
    • The JLC’s child adoption program.
    • Postwar aid, reconstruction and politics.
    • A bibliography on the Jewish Labor Committee and American labor and responses to the Holocaust.

    The White Rose

    http://members.aol.com/weiberose/index.html

    This personal site on the German resistance group, the White Rose, includes:

    • An overview of the history of the White Rose.
    • Biographies of the major personalities connected to the White Rose.
    • German and English translations of the leaflets distributed by the White Rose.
    • A well organized annotated bibliography, videography, and listings of other resources.
    • A timeline of the White Rose.
    • Links to articles and other sites about the White Rose in several other languages.

    Raoul Wallenberg

    http://www.raoul-wallenberg.com/

    The Raoul Wallenberg homepage was written and designed by David J Metzler. The primary history sources for Mr. Metzler’s research were Swedish Portraits - Raoul Wallenberg by Jan Larsson and published by the Swedish Institute 1996, and With Raoul Wallenberg In Budapest by Per Anger and published by the United States Holocaust Museum 1996. This site includes:

    • Historical background on Wallenberg with photographs.
    • Contact information for Associations and Organizations that honor Raoul Wallenberg.
    • Links to related sites on Wallenberg, rescuers, and the Holocaust. Among them are The Raoul Wallenberg Project Interviews site at http://rwa.bibks.uu.se/ which contains written transcripts of interviews with 60 people rescued by Wallenberg, and The Per Anger: A Swedish Hero site at http://www.raoul-wallenberg.com/per-anger/ which includes a history of Per Anger’s rescue operations with Wallenberg and links to various articles.

    Oswego: The Safe Haven

    http://syracuse.com/safehaven/story.html

    Based out of Oswego, NY, Safe Haven Inc. is a non-profit volunteer organization dedicated to telling the story of the American shelter for refugees fleeing the Nazis -- the Fort Ontario Emergency Refugee Shelter. This site was developed with the assistance of the Syracuse Newspapers and New World Media. In addition, Safe Haven Inc. has developed a curriculum to be used in high schools and colleges. Their site includes:

    • Extensive excerpts from testimonies of survivors and other eyewitnesses who were present at Fort Ontario.
    • General information and a photo gallery.

    Archive of Materials on Bulgarian Jewry During WWII

    http://ASUdesign.eas.asu.edu/places/Bulgaria/Jewish/

    Plamen Bliznakov, a 1996 PhD graduate of the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Arizona State University, maintains this personal site. It includes:

    • Materials relating to the little-known rescue of Bulgarian Jewry during the Holocaust.
    • Links to web sites relating to Bulgarian and Jewish history.

    Rescuers During the Holocaust: Bibliography/Videography

    Books -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/rescuers.html

    Articles -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/re-articles.html

    Videos -- http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mmbt/www/re-videos.html

    Maintained by Mary A. Mark, M.Sc., a research programmar at Carnegie Mellon University, these sites include:

    • Non-annotated listings of books, articles and videos about rescuers during the Holocaust.

    3. Educational Resources and Programs: Teacher Training, Resources, Cooperative Learning and Discussion Lists (Listservs)

    Southern Institute for Education and Research at Tulane University

    http://www.tulane.edu/~so-inst/

    Located on the Tulane University campus and governed by an independent, volunteer board of directors, the Southern Institute for Education and Research is a non-profit race and ethnic relations center dedicated to promoting tolerance through education and training. Their web site highlights antibias education training resources for combating prejudice that includes:

    • Information about diversity training workshops, Holocaust education and civil rights workshops.
    • Lesson plans including excerpts from an on-line lesson plan on Schindler’s List and one on "everyday people" during the Holocaust.
    • Transcripts of Holocaust survivor testimony.
    • Links to other sites on civil rights, human rights, the Holocaust, Judaism/Jewish history, and African-American history/culture.

    H-HOLOCAUST

    http://h-net.msu.edu/~holoweb/

    H-HOLOCAUST is a member of the H-NET Humanities & Social Sciences On-Line initiative sponsored by Michigan State University. H-HOLOCAUST exists so scholars of the Holocaust can communicate with each other using internet technology, and makes available diverse bibliographical, research and teaching aids. This web site corresponds to an electronic discussion list of the same name serving scholors of the Holocaust. Three other discussion lists maintained under H-Net are H-ANTIS (History of Antisemitism), H-JUDAIC (Jewish Studies), and H-GERMAN (German History). Their corresponding homepages are found at http://h-net.msu.edu/~antis/, http://h-net2.msu.edu/~judaic/, and http://h-net.msu.edu/~german/. The H-HOLOCAUST Homepage includes:

    • Information about subscribing to the H-HOLOCAUST discussion list.
    • Scholarly book reviews.
    • Logs of previous discussion threads from the H-HOLOCAUST discussion list, archived course syllabi, and professional papers.
    • Links to Holocaust-related web sites.

    I*EARN: Holocaust and Genocide Project

    http://www.iearn.org/hgp/

    I*EARN is a non-profit service that facilitates international cooperative distance learning for secondary school students using the Web and other media. I*EARN includes a project specifically on the Holocaust and genocide. The Holocaust and Genocide Project (HGP) involves schools (Grades 7-12) living in countries including the United States, Israel, Australia, Poland, Germany, Argentina, Romania, Russia, and Cambodia. The HGP web site includes:

    • General information about I*EARN’s Holocaust and Genocide Project.
    • Articles from previous editions of the student generated magazine, An End to Intolerance.
    • Bibliographies and an historical timeline stored on the I*EARN gopher site.
    • Information about the HGP study tour in Europe and Israel.
    • Links to related web sites.

    Facing History and Ourselves

    http://www.facing.org/

    Facing History and Ourselves is a national educational and professional development organization whose mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry. This site includes:

    • General information about educator workshops, resources, and research projects.
    • Links to a student generated site highlighting student writing and artwork.
    • Links to regional office websites.

    Social Studies School Service Catalogue of Holocaust Resources & Materials

    http://socialstudies.com/holo.html

    Social Studies School Service searches out, evaluates and sells educational materials through over 30 different catalogues. This web site highlights books, videos, posters, and other materials that are available in their Holocaust resources & materials catalogue. It includes:

    • Short descriptions and ordering information for curriculum materials on the Holocaust in general, Hitler and Nazism, resistance, righteous ones, children & teens, moral issues, and prejudice.
    • Internet Lesson Plans and Classroom Activities on using Holocaust photographs and drawings, rescuers, and on encountering Holocaust denial.
    • An annotated list of Holocaust-related web sites with ideas for integration into classwork.

    A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust

    http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/default.htm

    This site was produced and maintained by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology located in the College of Education at the University of South Florida in Tampa. It includes:

    • A timeline, documents, photographs, glossary terms, and links to related web sites integrated into a single multimedia project.
    • Historical information categorized under the titles – "victims, perpetrators, bystanders, resisters, rescuers, liberators, survivors" – also integrated with photographs, documents, glossary terms, and links to related web sites.
    • Information about art, literature, and music related to the Holocaust.
    • A collection of student activities for use in the classroom.
    • A collection of teacher resources, including: abstracts of articles from the ERIC database, annotated bibliography and videography, links to Holocaust-related primary source documents on the web, glossary, a gallery of photographs, artwork and maps, information about professional development, Holocaust-related educational software, and links to Holocaust Museums in Florida and other related web sites.

    The Holocaust: A Guide to Pennsylvania Teachers

    http://www.virtual.co.il/education/education/holocaust/guide/

    Written by Gary Grobman for the state of Pennsylvania, this curriculum is available on-line through the Virtual Jerusalem web site <http://www.virtualjerusalem.com/>. The curriculum includes sections on:

    • Stereotypes and Prejudices; Who Are The Jews?; Classical and Christian Anti-Semitism; Modern Anti-Semitism; Adolf Hitler; Nazi Fascism and the Modern Totalitarian State; The First Steps Leading to the "Final Solution"; The Seeds of War and World Conquest; The "Final Solution"; Resisters, Rescuers, and Bystanders; The Aftermath .
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    2. Jews and Judaism: Culture, Religion, and Current Events

    Shamash: The Jewish Internet Consortium

    http://shamash.org/

    Shamash is a worldwide consortium of Jewish organizations and enterprises which collaborate to provide an open Jewish network on the Internet. Their site contains a massive annotated hotlist of web sites about Judaism and Jewish resources. The Holocaust section of this site [http://shamash.org/holocaust/] includes:

    • Excerpts from Nazi documents.
    • Archive of historical photographs.
    • Rebuttals of Holocaust deniers’ arguments.
    • A short statistical survey on gassing installations.
    • Excerpts from testimonies of SS men, with sources.
    • Excerpts from ruling and verdicts of German courts regarding Treblinka.
    • A source bibliography.
    • Historical discussion about the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion."

    Jewishnet: Global Jewish Information Network

    http://jewishnet.net/

    Established by Dov Winer, Jewishnet is a massive collection of Jewish-related links categorized under various topic headings. Aside from links relating to the Holocaust and antisemitism, this site provides a jumping off point to information including:

    • Israel, zionism, and aliyah
    • Talmud, torah, and observance
    • Jewish education, scholarship, and universities
    • Culture: museums, music, and dance
    • International and national organizations and denominations
    • Media: newspapers, radio, and tv
    • Jewish genealogy
    • Hebrew and yiddish languages
    • Web Servers; IRC, Chat, MOO; Discussion Groups; Usenet News; Libraries; FTP and Gopher

    The Virtual Shtetl: Yiddish Language and Culture

    http://sunsite.unc.edu/yiddish/shtetl.html

    Heralded as a "virtual community," by its creator -- Iosif Vaisman, Director of Computational Resource for

    Molecular Sciences and Biotechnology and Research Assistant Professor in the School of Pharmacy at the

    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill -- Shtetl includes:

    • A library of books, articles, newspapers, and other Yiddish language or Yiddish-oriented print media on-line.
    • Links to information on chasidim and religion and Jewish education.
    • The Holocaust and genealogy.
    • Yiddish mailing lists.
    • Yiddish culture: art, music, theater, film, and events.
    • Links to sites featuring historically yiddish neighborhoods around the world.
    • Eastern European Jewish cooking and recipes.

    Virtual Jerusalem: The Jewish World From the Heart of Israel

    http://www.virtualjerusalem.com/

    http://www.virtual.co.il

    Virtual Jerusalem touts itself as the largest Jewish web site on the internet; it has amassed links to hundreds of sites of interest to Jews and non-Jews throughout the world, including a significant amount of information on the Holocaust at http://www.virtual.co.il/education/education/holocaust/. This section includes the Pennsylvania State Curriculum on the Holocaust. Virtual Jerusalem also includes a link to the Maven: The Virtual Know-It-All site at http://www.maven.co.il/. Maven is a specialized search mechanism for finding Jewish-related sites on the web.

    • The breadth of topics covered on this site are too numerous to list. Among other things, it includes links to several major Israeli news services.
    • A new Jewish-oriented search mechanism on the web is Metzia -- It’s URL is is http://www.metzia.com/.

    Beyond the Pale: The History of Jews in Russia

    http://www.friends-partners.org/partners/beyond-the-pale/index.html

    Conceived, researched, and written by Joke Kniesmeyer and Daniel Cil Becher, Beyond the Pale is an on-line version of their original exhibit that has toured Russia since 1995. The exhibit portrays the history of Jews in Europe and in Russia to help understand their life, religion and culture, as well as depicting the history of anti-Jewish attitudes and anti-Semitism today. In the words of the exhibit designers, "the exhibition wants to warn of the great dangers of prejudice and intolerance, particularly in times of political uncertainty and increased social tension." Includes text, historical photos, and artifact photos illustrating:

    • Jewish Life in the Middle Ages
    • The Development of Modern Anti-Semitism
    • Jews in the Russian Empire
    • Jews in the Soviet Union
    • Nazism and the Holocaust
    • Jews in the Soviet Union: 1941 to Present,
    • Epilogue: Democracy and Minority Rights.

    5. Germany: History, Culture, and Current Events

    Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin (German Historical Museum, Berlin)

    http://www.dhm.de/

    Located in Berlin, the German Historical Museum web site includes a searchable database of its collections (in German), an extensive list of links to other museums (particularly those in Germany including concentration camp memorials), and several on-line exhibitions and presentations, including:

    • "Tsingtao" A chapter of German colonial history
    • Elective Affinity. Scandinavia and Germany 1800 - 1914
    • "Party Order: A New Germany" - Early GDR Iconography
    • "Victoria and Albert, Vicky and Kaiser Bill" - Anglo-German family relations
    • "End and Beginning", photos of post-war Germany
    • "Time Unveiled", photos by Michael Ruetz
    • Mass Demonstrations in East Berlin, 4 November 1989

    H-GERMAN (See also H-HOLOCAUST in the Educational Resources and Programs section)

    http://h-net2.msu.edu/~german/

    H-GERMAN is one of the H-Net family of humanities networks sponsored by the Michigan State University. It is a daily Internet discussion forum focused on scholarly topics in German history. H-GERMAN solicits submissions in both German and English, and it is designed primarily for spreading information to professional historians, and membership is therefore restricted to active scholars (professors, lecturers, librarians, archivists, graduate students seeking a master's or doctorate, etc.). The web site includes:

    • General information about the discussion list.
    • Reviews of books and articles on German history (a substantial number on the Nazi era and Holocaust).
    • Logs of previous discussion threads from H-German (the Goldhagen thesis is highlighted).
    • Links to other sites of interest to historians studying Germany.
    • Suggested readings for graduate students.

    German Resources

    http://www.mcs.net/~zupko/german.htm

    Maintained by Sarah J. Zupko, M.A., Journalism, The University of Texas at Austin, the German Resources page features information about Germany with an emphasis on culture and media. This site is basically a list of links to other web sites on Germany. It includes links to information about cultural icons such as Goethe, Kandinsky, and Wagner, and media resources such as Der Spiegel, Stern, and Die Welt.

    GermNews

    http://www.mathematik.uni-ulm.de/de-news

    This site offers:

    • Up to date news from Germany in English. Today’s news is available and previous data can be searched by month and year going back to 1995.
     
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