Russia Geography

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So you want to know about Russia? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about Russia.

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Key Facts

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Russia Flag Russia is the world's largest country.

Population: 149 million

Geographic size: 6.6 million square miles

Capital: Moscow

Major cities and population: Moscow, Saint Petersburg


Geographic Landmarks

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CityAs the world's largest country, Russian has a very diverse geography.

Northern Russian extends into the Arctic Circle. This area is primarily tundra and forests, with thousands of lakes.

Russia has many mountain areas. The Ural mountains cover 2,500 miles of eastern Russia. The Caucasus mountains cross the southern part of Russia, from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea.

From the western boarder to the Ural mountains is the North European Plain. This is a large rolling plain with rich soil and grasslands.

Three quarters of the Russian population lives in the cities and towns of western Russia.


About 25% of the population still live in rural areas.


Points of Interest

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ChurchRussian has a rich history. Many of its buildings, such as this church in Moscow.


Major Industries

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Russia has a wealth of natural resources including oil, natural gas, minerals and timber. Moscow is the center for many manufacturing industries including cars, steel and other heavy manufacturing.

The southwest has rich farm land. Crops include wheat, barley, oats, potatoes and sunflowers. Some areas include cattle farming. Russia also has a large ocean fishing fleet. Many of these ships have full capabilities to clean, freeze and process the catch.


Historical Highlights

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From the 1500s, Russia was under control of Tsars. In 1917, communist revolutionaries overthrew the Tsar to establish the Soviet Union. Russia was the largest republic in the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union went through considerable political turmoil, and in 1991 abandoned communism for a capitalist style of government. Old state industries were replaced by private enterprise.


Population and Culture

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FamilyThe majority of Russians live in the area between St. Petersburg and Moscow. Southeast Russia is also heavily populated.

Russia has a broad mix of ethnic groups.



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Russia's large geographical territory gives it a very diverse climate. Its northern coastline borders on the Arctic Ocean, which gives it severe winters. In the south, Russia has hot desert areas.
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