Germany Geography

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So you want to know about Germany? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about Germany.

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Key Facts

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Germany Flag Germany is one of the major industrial and economic powers in Europe.

Population: 81 million people

Geographic size: 138,000 square miles

Capital: Berlin

Major cities and population: Berlin, Munich, Hamburg, Bremen, Hanover, Frankfurt, Nuremburg, Stuttgart and Dusseldorf


Geographic Landmarks

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At the southern end of Germany are the Alps, the highest mountain range in Europe. In central Germany are the Harz mountains.

Countryside Germany also has many rolling plains which make good farm land.
Rhine RiverThe Rhine River, in the western part of Germany, is a main waterway for transporting goods from northern ports.


Points of Interest

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Statue and CultureGermany has many small towns that still maintain their traditional culture and architecture. Many of these towns, and their buildings, date back hundreds of years.
German TownGermany is well known for its precision workmanship. This is demonstrated in many ways, from its local architecture to the products and crafts available in local shops.


Major Industries

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Germany is a major industrial center in Europe. It is well known for its automobile manufacturing including the luxury Mercedes, the sporty Porsche and BMW, and Volkswagon. Germany also manufactures other machinery, electronics equipment, transportation equipment and chemicals.

Germany also has considerable farming including grain crops and grapes, along with pig and cattle ranching. Germany is well known for its wine production.


Historical Highlights

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Germany is probably most remembered for Adolf Hitler's activities leading to World War II, and the atrocities committed during the Holocaust.

At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into East Germany and West Germany. East Germany maintained a communist government, while West Germany was a capitalist society. In 1990, the Berlin Wall was torn down, reuniting the country.


Population and Culture

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German BandAlmost 80% of the German people live in cities or towns. The most heavily populated areas are in the west and central Germany, particularly along the Rhine River.

Germany is divided into 16 states, each state has its own German dialect, customs, traditions and architecture.



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Germany has a moderate climate. Winter temperatures vary from west to east, with about freezing temperatures in the west and well below freezing in eastern Germany. Summer temperatures are typically in the 70's to low 80's, with more rainfall during the summer.
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