England Geography

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So you want to know about England? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about England.

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Key Facts

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British Flag "England" is sometimes, wrongly, used in reference to the whole United Kingdom, the entire island of Great Britain (or simply Britain), or indeed the British Isles. This is not only incorrect but can cause offence to people from other parts of the UK. (Nationality of the British people).

England is part of the United Kingdom, along with Scotland and Wales.

Great Britain, the United Kingdom and the British Isles do not mean the same thing. Great Britain is very often, but incorrectly, used as a synonym for the sovereign state properly known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The United Kingdom is made up of 
1. England: The Capital is London.
2. Scotland: The Capital is Edinburgh.
3. Wales: The Capital is Cardiff.
4. Northern Ireland: The Capital is Belfast.


Some more facts of England:

Population: 58 million people.

Geographic size: 130,422 square kilometers or 50,356 square miles.

Capital: London.

Major cities and population: London, Liverpool, Birmingham, Manchester and Nottingham.


Geographic Landmarks

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British Castle

England has a rich history going back hundreds of years. England still maintains a monarchy, with the Queen of England.

You can still see traditional England in much of London, and other cities.

British countrysideMuch of England is rolling hills with occasional small fields or flatland.


Points of Interest

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Pyramids England has many areas of historical interest. The Queen and the Royal Family are a well known international symbol of England. The Buckingham Palace and the changing of the guards are two popular tourist attractions.
Castle Other attractions include the London Bridge, Big Ben and the Saint Paul Cathedral.
Tower BridgeThe Tower Bridge is another popular landmark.


Major Industries

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England's traditional industries include iron and steel production, coal mining and textiles. Other industries include automobile manufacturing, electronic products and chemicals. The lowlands support some farming such as wheat, potatoes and vegetables. Dairy and sheep farming are common in the hilly pastures.


Historical Highlights

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Britain was one of the first major world powers. British explorers discovered and colonized many parts of the world, including parts of North America. Britain was also one of the first industrial centers.


Population and Culture

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Street About 85% of the people in England live in cities or towns.
Brown Stone houses The "brownstone" is a very common form of housing in England.
Bus Double Decker buses are common site in London. Many North Americans have trouble driving in England because the steering wheel is on the right hand side of the car, and you drive on the left hand side of the road.



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England has a moderate climate with temperatures typically ranging from about freezing to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. England also gets considerable rain.
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