China Geography

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So you want to know about China? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about China.

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Key Facts

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China Flag China is the third largest country in the World, just behind Russia and Canada. The population of China is over 1.2 billion people. This is about one-fifth of the world's population.


Geographic Landmarks

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MountainsChina is a very diverse land including deserts, mountains and fertile river basins.

Much of western China is mountains with the Himalaya, Tian and Pamir ranges. Western China also has a large desert. Central China consists of mountainous regions.

MountainsRivers also play a major role in China, both for transportation and for irrigation. Much of the northern wheat fields and southern rice fields are irrigated from rivers.


Points of Interest

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The Great Wall of ChinaThe Great Wall of China was built over 2,500 years ago to protect against invaders from the north. Troops would patrol the wall to defend China against attack. Once over 6,000 miles long, the wall is now about 3,750 miles long.


Major Industries

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China Industry

For many years, China has been on a program of economic development. But, much of China still lives in poverty.

Most people in china still work as farmers or herders. Major crops include wheat and rice. Fishing is also a major industry along the coasts.

China has considerable natural resources including coal, lead, zinc, copper, tungsten and gold. China also has considerable oil reserves.


Historical Highlights

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China has a long history, going back thousands of years. For over 3 thousand years, China was ruled by Emperors and their dynasties.

In the early 1200's, the Mongols from Mongolia occupied China, led by Genghis Khan. Kublai Khan, his grandson, established the Yuan dynasty, becoming the first foreign people to rule China.

By the mid-1300s, the Yuan dynasty gave way to the Ming dynasty. Then in the mid-1600s, Manchurian troops overthrew the Ming dynasty to establish the Qing dynasty.

In the early 1900s, the country came out from under dynasty rule to create the Peoples Republic of China. In the 1930s, China came under control of a communist government.


Population and Culture

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China Industry

Most Chinese people are farmers and herders. They have a major challenge to keep the countries large population fed.


About one-fifth of China's population live in urban areas.


China still maintains strong ties to its past.


And its traditions..



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Because China is so large, it has many regional climates. Northern China can have severe winters with temperatures reaching below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Central China is milder with temperatures ranging from 30 degrees in the winter to 80 degrees in the summer. Eastern China can have hot wet summers, while the western desert can have temperatures in the 100 degree range. Most of China's rainfall comes during the monsoon season between May and October.
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