Slavery Leading to the Civil War

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Disputes of slavery between the north and the south were one of the leading causes leading to the Civil War. The anti-slavery movements in the north were seen as threats to the economy and way of life in the south.

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Cotton Slaves
Southern slaves working at the Smith Plantation
(Source: Library of Congress)
Slaves were commonly used in the Southern United States for servants and for working fields, such as picking cotton. This photograph is of seven African American slaves sitting in a pile of cotton in front of a gin house on the Smith Plantation, 1861-1862).
Escaping slaves
Fugitive Slaves
(Source: Library of Congress)
Slaves were often treated harshly. Many slaves tried to escape from their owners. Many succeeded in escaping. Others were caught and punished. This picture shows fugitive slaves fording the Rappahannock River. This picture is from the main eastern theater of war, Bull Run, Virginia, July-August 1862.
Free slaves
Escaped Slaves
(Source: Library of Congress)
Here is another photograph of escaped slaves sitting in front of an army tent. This picture is from the main eastern theater of war, Meade, Virginia, August-November 1863.
Ex-slaves outside a cabin
(Source: Library of Congress)
This is another photograph of escapted slaves. This photograph is of ex-slaves sitting in front of a cabin. This picture is from the main eastern theater of war, The Peninsular Campaign, May-August 1862.


Books on the Civil War

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  Books on the Civil War


Links to other sites on the Civil War

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For a daily history lesson see AccentHistory.net http://www.accenthistory.net
American Civil War http://www.civilwar.com/
Civil War http://www.civil-war.net/
The Civil War on PBS http://www.pbs.org/civilwar/

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