Having lost Boston, the British were determined to take control of New York.
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recognized the strategic importance of New York as the
focal point for communications between the northern and
southern colonies. Washington also recognized this, and
in April of 1776 he marched his troops from Boston to New
York. He positioned his troops on the western end of Long
Island in anticipation of the British arrival.
When the British fleet arrived they had 45,000 troops against Washingtons 20,000. The British attacked, forcing Washington to cross the East River into Manhattan. Washington left 3,000 men to defend Fort Washington, then headed north.
|British troops continued after Washington and his army. They met up with Washington in October at the Battle of White Plains. Once again the American troops were defeated. Washington was forced to retreat into New Jersey. Believing that the battle was over, General Howe sent most of his men back to New York. General Howe turned control of the army over to General Cornwallis who force Washington and his troops to cross the Delaware River into Pennsylvania.|
|On his return to New York, General Howe and his troops attacked Fort Washington. They regained control of the Fort.|
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