North Carolina State Geography

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So you want to know about North Carolina? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about North Carolina.

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Key Facts

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North Carolina State Facts

Population (1994): 7,007,000 (11th in size)

State size: 52,669 square miles (28th in size)

State Capital: Raleigh (named after Sir Walter Raleigh, an English navigator)

Major cities: Charlotte, Durham, Greensboro, Raleigh and Winston-Salem

Admission to union: The 12th State

Date entered the union: November 21, 1789

Origin of state name: Named after King Charles I of England

Nicknames: The Tar Heel State and the Old North State

Bordering states: Tennessee, Virginia, Georgia and South Carolina, with the Atlantic Ocean on the east.

State bird: Cardinal

State flower: Dogwood

State tree: Pine

Motto: To Be, Rather Than To Seem


Geographic Landmarks

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Great Smokey Mountains National Park and Mt. Mitchell.  


Points of Interest

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Many tourist attractions including beaches, forests and mountains.  


Major Industries

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North Carolina is a major industrial state with manufacturing such as telecommunications, electronics, textiles, furniture paper, cigarettes and processed foods. Agriculture includes tobacco, corn and soybeans. Tourism also plays an important part of the economy.  


Historical Highlights

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North Carolina was first explored by the French and Spanish, but was settled by the British in 1663. The Wright Brothers made the first ever air flight at Kitty Hawk, on the North Carolina coast.  


Population and Culture

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Interesting Tidbits

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Links to other sites about North Carolina

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North Carolina State Flag

North Carolina State Flag


North Carolina State Government home page

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