New Jersey State Geography

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So you want to know about New Jersey? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about New Jersey.

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Key Facts

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New Jersey State Facts

Population: 7,904,000 (9th in size)

State size: 7,787 square miles (46th in size)

State Capital: Trenton (named after William Trent, a Philadelphia businessman who laid out the town)

Major cities: Atlantic City, Elizabeth, Newark, Paterson and Trenton

Admission to union: The 3rd State

Date entered the union: December 18, 1787

Origin of state name: Named after Jersey, an island off the coast of England

Nicknames: The Garden State

Bordering states: New York and Pennsylvania with the Atlantic Ocean on the east.

State bird: Eastern Goldfinch

State flower: Purple Violet

State tree: Red Oak

Motto: Liberty and Prosperity


Geographic Landmarks

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Edison Memorial tower. The Summit Diner, located on the corner of Union Place & Summit Ave, is an O'Mahony diner that has wood paneled walls, 8 booths and 20 stools. 

Princeton Junction station, a northeast Corridor stop on Amtrak and New Jersey Transit, is located within West Windsor.



Points of Interest

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Major Industries

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New Jersey is a major industrial area including manufacturing and chemicals. Agriculture also plays a significant role with cattle farming, vegetables and fruit. Its beaches and country side also attract tourists.  


Historical Highlights

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The earliest settlers were the Dutch in 1623, followed by the Swedes in 1638. The British later colonized the area. George Washington and his army claimed the land in the name of the United States.  


Population and Culture

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Interesting Tidbits

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The board game Monopoly is based on the streets of Atlantic City.  


Links to other sites about New Jersey

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New Jersey State Flag

New Jersey State Flag


New Jersey State Government home page

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