District of Columbia Geography

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So you want to know about District of Columbia? Here are some highlights! Also check out the links to other sites about District of Columbia.

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Key Facts

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  Population (1994): 598,000 (would be 49th in size if a state)

Size: 69 square miles

US Capital: Washington

Origin of the name: Named after George Washington

Bordering States: Maryland and Virginia


Geographic Landmarks

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The Whitehouse is the home of the United States president. It has been the home for every U.S. president, except George Washington.

Construction was started on October 13, 1792, on a site selected by George Washington. The house was not completed until 1800, when President John Adams moved in.

The original home was burned by the British in 1814, during the War of 1812. The house was rebuilt and painted white to cover its fire-blackened walls. This is how it got the name the Whitehouse.


Washington, D.C., is also home for much of the United States federal government.

The Capitol Building is the home of the United States Congress. The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

The Senate and the House of Representatives meet in the Capitol Building to make laws that govern the country.



Points of Interest

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Washington is home to many landmarks including: The Whitehouse, the Washington Monument, the Lincoln Memorial and many others.

The Washington Monument, as shown to the right, was built to honor George Washington, commander-in-chief of the continental army, and first president of the United States.

The monument was completed and dedicated in 1885. It is a white marble structure 555 feet, 5-1/8 inches tall.

The Smithsonian Institution is the largest museum in Washington, D.C.. The Smithsonian Institution consists of several museums including: the National Museum of Natural History; the National Air and Space Museum; the National Museum of American Art; and, the National Museum of African Art.

Washington Monument

The Lincoln Memorial was built to honor Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States.

Surrounding the monument are 36 marble columns representing the 36 states of the Union at the time of Abraham Lincoln's death.

Inside the monuments a 19 foot white marble statue of Abraham Lincoln. On the walls are etched the words of his Gettysburg Address calling for unity of the country,

"that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

Also on the walls are the words of his Second Inaugural Address and murals portraying national unity and the freeing of the slaves.

Lincoln Monument


Major Industries

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Washington is the capital of the United States. Major industries include political organizations and tourism.  


Historical Highlights

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The District of Columbia was established so that no single state could claim to be the home of the nation's capital and gain special privileges. It was established in 1791 by George Washington.  


Population and Culture

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Interesting Tidbits

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Links to other sites about Delaware

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District of Columbia Flag

District of Columbia Flag


District of Columbia Government home page

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