Battle of Long Island

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Having lost Boston, the British were determined to take control of New York.

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Battle of Long Island

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The British recognized the strategic importance of New York as the focal point for communications between the northern and southern colonies. Washington also recognized this, and in April of 1776 he marched his troops from Boston to New York. He positioned his troops on the western end of Long Island in anticipation of the British arrival.

When the British fleet arrived they had 45,000 troops against Washington's 20,000. The British attacked, forcing Washington to cross the East River into Manhattan. Washington left 3,000 men to defend Fort Washington, then headed north.

 

Battle of White Plains

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British troops continued after Washington and his army. They met up with Washington in October at the Battle of White Plains. Once again the American troops were defeated. Washington was forced to retreat into New Jersey. Believing that the battle was over, General Howe sent most of his men back to New York. General Howe turned control of the army over to General Cornwallis who force Washington and his troops to cross the Delaware River into Pennsylvania.

 

Battle of Fort Washington

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On his return to New York, General Howe and his troops attacked Fort Washington. They regained control of the Fort.

 

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