Science Main Index
The baboon spider is an old-world tarantula native to Africa. There are about 42 different species of baboon spider in Africa. Their habitat includes savanna woodlands, grasslands and dry scrublands. They are ground-dwelling spiders, living in silk-lined burrows dug in the ground, or under rocks and stones. Like other tarantulas, they are large, hairy spider ranging in size up to about 3-1/2 inches. Their color is generally varying amounts of brown, yellow, gray and black. They have black pads at the end of their legs. It is a venomous spider, but is not considered dangerous to humans. They have large fangs, but will only bite to subdue prey or in self defense. Some baboon spiders will make a hissing noise when they are agitated. These spiders mostly hunt at night. They feed on insects, other spiders, or small reptiles and amphibians. They will wait for prey to come near the entrance of their burrow. They will then pounce on the prey, and take it back to the burrow to eat. Play the following videos to learn more about the baboon spider.