How Plants and Flowers Grow

How do plants and flowers grow? With a little help from friends like the wind and the bee.

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Plants and Flowers

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Plants can be divided into two types: flowering plants and non-flowering plants. The are many flowering plants such as the rose, daisy, tulip and others. Non-flowering plants include coniferous trees such as the pine and spruce.

They both follow a similar process to grow. Plants have both male pollen and female parts of the flower. Pollen from a plant is carried by the wind, or by insects, to fertilize the female parts of the plant. Once fertilized, a cone or seed is produced capable of creating a new plant.

 

 

Wind Pollination

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Many plants, such as grass, weeds and even large pine trees, rely on the wind for pollination. The pollen is small and light, allowing it to be blown by the wind. The pollen lands on other plants a fertilizes them.

 

Insect Pollination

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Worker bees collect pollen and nector from flowers which are used to create wax to build the hive. The queen bee creates the wax in her abdomen, which she uses to build chambers or cells where she lays her eggs.

In the process of building their hive, bees play a very important role pollenating flowers and plants. As a bee gathers nectar from a flower, tiny grains of pollen will stick to its hairy legs and body. When the bee flies to another flower for nector, the pollen on its legs and body brushes off to help furtilize the flower.

 

Seeds

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Since plants cannot move, they rely on animals and the wind to scatter their seeds.

Seeds come in a wide variety of sizes from small flower seeds to large acorn seeds and pine cones.

 

Bulbs

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Many plants and flowers reproduce from bulbs. The parent plant produces buds or bulbs that split off and start to grow a new plant.

 

Books on Flowers

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Other links on Flowers

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