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There are many different types of animals in the world. Many animals are quite similar to each other. Others are quite different. Animals can be classified based on their similarities. Continue on, and learn more about your fellow Earth inhabitants.

Here are some of the animals you can investigate in our Science Reference Library. The first name you read is the common name for the animal. The name in parentheses ( ) is the Latin word for the group (the phylum or subphylum or class or group or order) that scientists sometimes use to refer to animals.

Invertebrates

Animals
without a Backbone
or Spinal Column:

Vertebrates

Animals
with a Backbone
or Spinal Column:
(All these animals are in the phyla Chordata and the subphyla Vertebrata.)

Protozoa
(phyla: protozoa)

Fish
(group: Pisces)

Echinoderms
such as starfish
(phyla: Echinodermata)

Amphibians
such as frogs
(class: Amphibia)

Annelids
such as earthworms
(phyla: Annelida)

Reptiles
such as crocodiles
(class: Reptilia)

Mollusks
such as octopus
(phyla: Mollusca)

Birds
(class: Aves)

Arthropods
such as crabs, spiders and insects
(phyla: Arthropoda)

Mammals
(class: Mammalia)

Crustaceans
such as crabs
(subphyla: Crustacea)

Marsupials
such as kangaroos
(order: Marsupialia)

Arachnids
such as spiders
(subphyla: Chelicerata
class: Arachnida)

Primates
such as gorillas and chimpanzees
(order: Primates)

Insects
(subphyla: Uniramia
class: Insecta)

Rodents
such as mice
(order: Rodentia)

 

Cetaceans
such as whales and dolphins
( order: Cetacea)

 

Animals such as seals
(order: Carnivora
family: Phocidae)

For more information about animals, see our Animal Video Collection.

Web Sites about Classifying Animals:

Animals at Animal Kingdom

Animal Diversity at University of Michigan

The Taxon Lift at the University of California Museum of Paleontology

Tree of Life at University of Arizona

 
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