Identifying Words

Have a good vocabulary is very important. To have a good reading vocabulary you must be able to identify words. Check out this page, or our links to other sites on identifying words.

 

 
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Introduction

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In this, you will learn how to use complex word families (Example: words ending with -ight). You will understands how to identify unfamiliar words and multi syllabic words. You will also learn how to read aloud a narrative text fluently and accurately with appropriate pacing, intonation, and expression.

 

Learning to Identify Difficult Words

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Identifying difficult words
Identifying Difficult Words

In this you will understand the differences between simple words and complex words. It is unlikely that you will know every word in a text and even if you think you have seen every word before, it is unlikely that you could have seen a particular word in its present context. It is therefore necessary to work out the meaning of unfamiliar words in context and, perhaps, familiar words in new contexts. This is necessary even if you have a dictionary, as your dictionary does not know the exact context in which the word is being used.

The parts of a sentence or paragraph that surround a word or passage can help you identify a word's meaning.

How to guess the meaning of Unknown Words:

Decide if you need to know the meaning of the word in order to understand the sentence or the paragraph. If you do, then try to guess the meaning from context. If you don’t then SKIP OVER the word. Forget it.

Because of the heat, Martin collapsed.

What happened to Martin?

Do you need to know the meaning of this word?

Yes! If you do not know the meaning of the word, you will not know what happened to Martin.

No. Martin was unable to go outside. He remained on the couch. You may do this at later stage. So there is no need to understand what "collapsed" means.

Identifying and Using Difficult Words

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Identifying and Using Difficult Words
Identifying and Using Difficult Words

You use words everyday in your life, to communicate with others and to learn about the world. A good vocabulary helps you to understand and enjoy reading more. It also helps you to say and write what exactly you mean.

Word families are groups of words that are sufficiently closely related to each other to form a 'family'.
Words can be grouped into two main families.
        » Those similar in form;
        » Those whose meanings are related.

Here are two Examples of form-based word families:
        word - wordy - word (verb) - wording - word-list … (but not: worth, worry)
        family - familiar - unfamiliar - familiarity - familiarize … (but not: famine, famous)

Each of these families is bonded by a common root word, although the resultant connections of meaning form an important bonding feature.
Here are two Examples of based word families:
            big - little - size
            dog - puppy - kennel

Why are word families important?

Form-based families are important because they sometimes reveal hidden patterns of spelling in words that already known; for Example:, the verb root pronounced 'seev' is spelt ceive (receive, deceive, conceive), and always corresponds to ception in the corresponding noun (reception, deception, conception).

Meaning-based families are important because they reveal links and patterns of meaning in words that already known; for Example:, many adjectives and nouns are related as in the trio big - little - size. The specific meaning relations they contain (see below) are also an important component of reasoning skills.

An understanding of word families also allows either the form or the meaning of unfamiliar words to be guessed with some confidence. For Example:, we can guess that someone using a skate-board is a skate-boarder engaged in skate-boarding, and if we see the word unteachability we can guess from knowledge of other word families that it means 'state (-ity) of not (un-) being able to be (-abil-) taught (teach)'.

A sound understanding of word classes is important for the study of both kinds of word families.

 

Links to other sites on Vocabulary

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Identifying Words http://www.libraryvideo.com/guides/K5853.pdf
 

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